kl/ro

i.1

l;4fGt / ljefhg -dte]b_

       z'?b]lv g} O;fOx?df jfbljjfb / ljefhgsf] aNbf] s/fO{ lyof] . ha;Dd pgLx? afnskgsf] kfOnf cl3 ;fb}{ lyP, ta o]z"n] Psb]lv csf]{ ;}tfgL cfqmd0fnfO{ ;x]/ d08nL :yfkgf ug'{eof] . hf] Ps s;}n] cfzf /fVg ;SYof] ls of] j[xb eT;{gf tyf wDsL aflx/af6 xf]Og t leq}af6 cfP . ha d08nL cu'jfkgn] lxa|'x?sf] lgod / ;+:s[ltnfO{ s]Gb| dfg]/ k|sfz k|bfg ug{ an ub}{ lyP, ta ldnfk / Ifdfsf] ;';dfrf/ klxnf] cGo hfltx?nfO{ lbPsf] ;x/x?sf] sfgdf k'Uof] . lxa|'x?sf] Joj:yf rflx vfg' lkpg', labfsf lbg / ljz]if u/L vtgfsf] af/]df lyof] .

i.2

z'?sf d08nLdf w]/} ljlwjfb ;b:ox?n] of] dx;'; ub{y] ls cGo hfltx? lxa|'x?sf] cf}krfl/s k/:k/df /x]/ cg'u|xl;n -k/f]ksf/L_ aGg' kb{5 eg]/ . t/ cGo hfltx?n] kljq cfTdfaf6sf] jKtLidf k|fKt ug{ w]/} ;do nufPg ha s]xL cfb/0fLo cu'jfx?n] of] pgLx?xsf] nflu :jLsfo{ x'G5 ls x'Fb}g eg]/ lg0f{o ub}{ lyP . of] cj:yfnfO{ s8f;fy ;dfNg] sf]xL lyP h;n] k|]l/t kq'; / j0f{jf; h:tf k|Voft cflTdsL sb ePsf] dflg;x?nfo{ klg k|eft kf/] . of] ljZjf; ug{ sl7g s'/f] xf] t/ oL b'O{ 7"nf cu'jfx? h;n] pgLx? ;';dfrf/sf] ;/ntf / lgisk6tfb]lv e]befjsf] ulNtx?lt/ ;fl/Psf] s'/f /fd|/L hfGby] . of] cfr/0f ;'wfl/Psf] x'g'kYof]{ / o;nfO{ ;'wfg]{ JolQm k|]l/t kfjn lyP, h;n] kq';;Fu ;Gd'v -d'sfjnf_ u/] .

unftL @M!!–!#
!!_t/ ha s]kmf; PG6Lcf]lvofdf cfP, tj d}n] pgnfO{ v'ndv'Nnf lj/f]w u/], lsgls pgL bf]ifL lyP .
!@_ofs'an] k7fPsf dflg;x? cfpg'eGbf cl3 pgn] cGo hfltx?sf ;fydf vfg] ub{y], t/ ha pgLx? cfOk'u], ta pgL cGo hfltx?af6 kl5 x6]/ cnu eP, lsgsL pgL vtgfsf bnb]lv 8/fPsf lyP .
!#_c? afFsL ox'bLx?n] klg To:t} sk6k"0f{ sfd u/] . oxfF;Dd ls ltgLx?sf] sk6k"0f{ Jojxf/n] ubf{ af/gfjf; klg e8\s]/ uP .

i.3

k/d]Zj/sf] 5f]/L 5f]/Lx?nfO{ cndn kfg]{ / ljefhg Nofpgsf] nflu k/d]Zj/sf /fh', p;sf] lgb{oLokgfdf k|oTg ug]{ ;do v]/ kmfn]sf] 5}g . of] :kli6s/0f k/d]Zj/sf] OR5f g} eP klg xfdLn] of] ;To dfGg} k5{ ls p;n] xfdL O;fO Pstfdf /x]sf], akmfbf/ / k|]d /x]sf], bfHo" efO{x?nfO{ ljefhg ug{ y]/} ;kmn kfPsf 5g\ .
! sf]/]GhL !M!)
efO xf], xfd|f k|e' o]z" v|Li6sf] gfpFdf df ltdLx?nfO{ cfu|x ub{5' ls ltdLx? ;a} Pp6f csf{;Fu ;xdt xf]cf], d ltdLx?sf] efudf s]xL km'6 gxf];\ t/ ltdLx? Ps} dg / Ps} ljrf/sf xf]cf] .

i.4

ztfAbLx? ljTb} hfFbf ;}4flGts OdfGbf/Lsf] gfpFdf w]/} d08nLx? gi6 x'Fb} uP . To;}n] o; ljifodf xfdL xf]l;of/ x'g'kb{5 ls s]jn pNn]v ul/Psf] zAb l;4fGtaf6 w]/} nfhx? x6]/ uP . l;4fGt eGg] zAbsf] ;fwf/0f cy{ lzIf0fsf] nflu xf], / clxn];Dd w]/} d08nLx?df o; zAbnfO{ ljsf/]/ gsf/fTds zAbsf] cy{sf] af]w u/fPsf] 5 . olb l;4fGt Pp6f v/fa s'/f xf] eg] lsg k|]l/tx?n] o;nfO{ k5\ofpg xfdLnfO{ pT;fx lbG5 < olb l;4fGtn] ljefhg u5{ eg] o;nfO{ xfdLn] lsg :jLsf/ ug]{ < ltgLx?n] ;xL l;4fGt pNn]v ug'{sf] tfTko{ s] xf] <

i.5

;xL l;4fGtsf] p2]Zo

       ;xL l;4fGt eg]sf] s] xf] < eg]/ a'em\g] sf]lzif u/f}+ . ;xL cyjf plrt eGg] zAb u|Ls zAb lxphLcfOgf]af6 c+u|]hL zAb Sound df pNyf ul/Psf] xf] . o;sf] ;fwf/0f cy{ e|i6 gePsf] cyf{t :j:y eGg] a'lemG5 . l;4fGt eGg] zAb u|Ls zAb clbbf;af6 c+u|]hLdf Dotrine pNyf ul/Psf] xf], h;sf] cy{ l;sfpg' x'G5 . oxL b'O{j6} zAbnfO{ ;Fu} /fv]/ tkfO{n] klg l;sfpg' h'g rflx :j:y 5 / e|i6 ePsf] 5}g .

i.6

s;n] e|i6 gePsf] lziffsf] dxTj;Fu jfbljjfb uYof}{ < Tof] rflxF v/fa lzIff xf] h;n] d08nLdf w]/} ljefhg Nofpg] sfddf cu'jfO{ u/] . k/d]Zj/sf] arg s'g} ljifout xf]Og . tkfO{n] cfkm\gf] tl/sfn] rfx] cg';f/ o;nfO{ pNyf ug{ ;Sg' x'Gg . oxfF k/d]Zj/sf] argnfO{ pNyf ug]{ s]jn @ j6f tl/sfx? 5g\, pxfFsf] tl/sf h'g rflxF ;xL 5 / xfd|f] tl/sf h'g rflxF e|i6 / cg'lrt 5 .
oxfF tLgj6f k|efjx? kfg]{ tTjx? 5g\, h;n] xfd|f] pNyf u/fO{nfO{ e|i6 t'NofP . klxnf], 3d08 / xfd|f] OR5f cyf{t ;Totfdf klg cfkm\g} rfxgf 7Ls xf] eGg] . bf];|f] jf:tf gug]{ -xfdL;Fu ;a} ;Totf 5 elg ljZjf; lbnfpg], cfufdL lzIf0fsf] cfjZostf xfdLnfO{ 5}g elg j]jf:tf ug]{ ._ t];|f] rflxF xfd|f] OR5f k/d]Zj/sf] arg cw'/f] 5 elg dflglng' cyf{t xfd|} cfkm\g} ljrf/x? argdf yk]/ z'4tfsf] cefjdf k/d]Zj/nfO{ ;Totf ul/g] s'/fdf ;f]Rg ljjz x'G5f}+ . k/d]Zj/nfO{ ;xof]u ug'{ vfFrf] 5 elg ;kmn lgodx? agfpF5f}+ / ;+zf]wg u5f}{+ . pbfx/0fsf] nflu Toltn] k'Ub}g, xfdL ;f]R5f}+, xfd|f :qLx?sf n'ufkmf6fsf nflu xfdLn] k/d]Zj/nfO{ eGg' k5{, k/d]Zj/sf] argsf] z'4tfdf xfdL xfd|f] andf o;sf] ;a} nDafO{, lsl;d / /+usf] af/]df hfGg} k5{ eGg] s'/fsf] ljrf/ u5f}{+ . o;f] ugf{n] xfdLn] xfd|f] lbbL alxgLx?nfO{ kljq cfTdfsf] ;Totfsf] cu'jfO{df lx8\g] df}sfnfO{ OGsf/ ul//x]sf x'G5f}+ .

o'xGgf !^M!#
ha pxfF cyf{t ;Tosf] cfTdf cfpg'x'g]5 ta pxfFnfO{ ltdLx?nfO{ ;a} ;Totfdf 8f]¥ofpg' x'g]5 . pxfF cfkm\gf] tkm{af6 af]Ng' x'g]5}g . pxfFn] h] ;'Gg'x'G5, ToxL af]Ng'x'G5, x'g]5 / x'g cfpg] s'/fx? ltdLx?nfO{ 3f]if0ff ul/lbg' x'g]5 .

i.7

k|]l/tx?sf] l;4fGt lgGbf ug{sf nflu xf]Og, t/ a? xfd|f] cfkm\g} OR5f / xfdLnfO{ ;'xfpg] kf]zfssf] nflu wd{zf:qnfO{ lgGbf ul//x]sf x'G5f}+ . ha xfdL k/d]Zj/sf] argdf s]xL s'/f b]V5f}+, ls To;nfO{ c;lhnf] ePsf] sf/0f agfp5f}+ cyf{t xfd|f] ljj]sdf c+s'z nufPsf] sf/0fsf] ?kdf lnG5f}+ . ;fwf/0fto xfdL o;nfO{ abgfd u5f}{, s]xL axfgfx?n] s'g} lglZrt ;do, g}lts cyjf 7fpFdf of]Uo ePsf] h:t} x'G5 . kml/;Lx?n] u/]sf] h:tf] 7"nf] ux'ª\uf] agfpgsf] nflu c?x?n] k/d]Zj/sf] argdf ltdLx?sf] cfkm\g} Gofo -OG;fkm_ sf] tf}n hf]8\g -yKg_ vf]H5 . clxn];Dd c?x?n] To;nfO{ kfgLdf kmflnlbg sf]lz; u5{g\, hf] sdhf]/ 5 / yf]/} tf]n af]S5, To;sf] nflu of] s'g} dxTjsf] x'Fb}g .

i.8

dflg;x?sf] l;4fGt

       k/d]Zj/sf] arg ;'Gg'df kq'; / j0ff{jf;n] s'g} b'Mv kfPg t/ dflg;x?sf] s'/f ;'Gbf b'Mv kfP . Oltxf;sf] kf7\oqmddf x]bf{ d08nLn] klg lzIff lb+bf / cjnf]sg ug]{ sfo{df w]/} b'Mv / si6 kfP/ bf]ifL ePsf lyP .

dQL !%M*–(
*_o; hfltn] dnfO{ cf]7n] dfq cfb/ u5{ t/ ltgLx?sf] x[bo daf6 6f9f 5 .
(_ltdLx? Joy{df d]/f] pkf;gf ub{5g\, t/ ltgLx?sf lzIff dflg;x?n] l;sfPsf ljlw dfq x'g\ .

       of] s'/f kfjn klxnf] kq ltdf]wLnfO{ n]lvPsf] kqdf :ki6 lbPsf] 5 ls Plkml;sf] d08nLdf v/fa s'/fx?sf] 5fGg] sfd eO;s]sf] 5 eg]/ h'g s'/f kfjnsf] nflu Pp6f lrGtfsf] ljifo lyof] .

! ltdf]wL !M#–$
#_d dfs]8f]lgofdf hfFbf ltdLnfO{ cfu|x u/]em}+ ltdLPlkm;; g} a;, / em'6f lzIff l;sfpg] dflg;x?nfO{ To;f] gug'{ elg s8f cf1f b]pm .  
$_/ ltgLx? cg'dfgsf s'/fx?dfq a9fpg] bGTosyfx? / g6'lËg] j|zfjnLx? lt/ gnfu'g, a? ljZjf;df /x]sf] OZj/Lo tflndlt/ nfu'g .

i.9

of] o:t} kqdf kfjnn] cGTosf] ;do glhs ePsf] s'/fsf] af/]df af]Nb5 ls tL lbgdf w]/} hgfx? k/d]Zj/sf] ljZjf;b]lv x6]/ wfdL emfFsLx?lt/ hfg]5 . ltgLx?;Fu s'g} ljj]s g} x'g] 5}g / OZj/Loaf6 af]n]sf] h:tf] u/L gSsn u/]/ em'6 af]Ng]5 . tL dflg;x?n] ljjfx ug{ lgif]w ul/g]5 / vfg]s'/fdf s]Gb|Lt eP/ lgodx? agfpg]5 . olb xfdLn] d08nL leq o:t} b'j{rgx? ;Rrfof}+ eg] xfdL cu|ufdL ;xL l;4fGtdf /xg]5f}+ .

! ltdf]yL $M !–^
!_kljq cfTd k|i6} eGg'x'G5 ls kl5 cfpg] ;dodf 5ln cfTd / e'tk|]tsf l;4fGtlt/ dg nfP/ sf]xL ljZjf;af6 tls{hfg]5g\ .
@_em'6 af]Ng] dflg;x?sf 5nåf/f g} of] x'g]5, h'gx?sf ljj]s tftf] kmnfdn] 8fd]sf] h:tf] x'G5 .
#_ltgLx? ljjfx lgif]w u5{g\ . ljZjf; ug]{x? / ;To hfGg]x?n] wGojfb ;fy u|x0f ug'{kg]{ k/d]Zj/n] ;[hg' ePsf] ef]hgx?af6 cnu a:g] cfb]z lbG5g\ .
$_k/d]Zj/n] ;[hg'ePsf x/]s s'/f c;n 5g\ / wGojfb;fy u|x0f u/] s'g} yf]s klg OGsf/ ul/g' kb}{g .
%_lsgeg] Tof] k/d]Zj/sf] arg k|fy{gfn] rf]vf] t'NofOlbG5 .
^_olb ltdLn] efOx?sf ;fd' oL lzIff /fvLlbof} eg] ltdLn] cg'z/0f u/]sf c;n l;4fGt / ljZjf;sf] argdf k'i6 eP/ ltdL v|Li6 o]z"sf c;n ;]js x'g]5f} .

i.10

;lx l;4fGt

       jf:tjdf kfjn, ltdf]wLnfO{ pgsf] wd{zf:q kf7 ug]{, k|rf/ ug]{ / lzIff l;4fGt l;sfpg] s'/fdf Wofg lbgsf] nflu ;Nnfx lbG5g\ .

! ltdf]yL $M!#
d gcfpGh]n;Dd wd{zf:q kf7 u/L ;'gfpgdf k|rf/ ug{df / lzIff lbgdf Wofg b]pm .

i.11

kfjnn] ltdf]yLnfO{ kl5;Dd klg pT;fx lbg] sfdnfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbG5 ls p;sf] vflt/ / ltgLx?sf] vflt/ s] lzIff l;sfP eGg] af/]df hfGg' eGg] r]tfjgL lbG5g\ .

! ltdf]yL $M!^
d cfkm\gf] ljifodf / cfkm\gf] lzIffsf] ljifodf xf]l;of/ a; . oL s'/fdf nflu/x . o;f] ugf{n] ltdLn] cfkm}nfO{ / ;'Gg]x?nfO{ ;d]t arfpg]5f} .

i.12

PN8/x?, hf] c;n k|zf;s / ;}4flGts ?kdf Ogfd kfpg of]Uo x'gsf] nflu kl/>d u5{g\ .

! ltdf]yL %M!&
d08nLsf] c;n /]vb]v ug]{ PN8/x? bf]Aa/ cfb/sf of]Uo x'G5g\, ljz]if u/L h;n] argsf] k|rf/ / lzIffdf kl/>d u5{g\ .

i.13

t/ ltgLx? h;n] ltgLx/sf] af/]df ;xL l;4fGtdf ;DaGw /fVb}g ltgLx? 3d08L eP/ ;Totfaf6 ljeflht eP/ hfg]5 . tL dflg;x? 5f]8\g, TofUo of]Uo ePsf] x'G5 .

! ltdf]yL ^M!–%
!_bf;Tjsf] h'jfd'lg x'g] ;a}n] cf–cfkm\gf dflnsnfO{ k'/f ;Ddfgsf] of]Uo 7fg'g, tfls k/d]Zj/sf] gfpF / xfd|f] lzIffsf] abgfdL gxf];\ .
@_ljZjf;L dflnsx?nfO{ ltgsf sdf/fx?n] ljZjf;df bfHo" efO{ eGb}df cgfb/ gu?g\ . a? ltgLx?n] pgLx?sf] emg\ a9L ;]jf u?g\ lsgeg] ltgLx?sf ;]jfaf6 nfe kfpg]x? ljZjf;L / lk|ox? g} x'g\ . oL st{Jox? kfngf ug{ l;sfp, / cfu|x u/ .
#_olb s;}n] c? l;4fGt l;sfpF5 / xfd|f k|e" o]z" v|Li6sf] plrt arg / OZj/eQm cg';f/sf] lzIff;Fu ;xdt x'Fb}g eg]
$_Tof] 3d08n] km'n]sf] x'G5 / To;n] s]xL hfg]sf] x'Fb}g . To;n] jfbljjfbsf] s'/f u5{ / Ps Ps zAb lnP/ emu8f ug{ vf]hL lx8\5 . oL s'/fx?n] 8fx, snx, abgfdL / v/fa z+sfx? pTkGg u/fpF5g\ .
%_/ a'l4 e|i6 ePsf / ;Toaf6 cnu ePsf dflg;x?sf dfemdf slrËn p7fpF5g\, clg elQm rflx kmfObf p7fpg] pkfo xf] elg ltgLx? 7fG5g\ .

i.14

ltdf]yLn] of] l;4fGtnfO{ alnof] ;fy kqm]sf] kfjn rfxfG5 h'g s'/f p;nfO{ ljZjf; / k|]ddf l;sfOPsf] lyof] .

@ ltdf]yL !M!#
v|Li6 o]z"df ePsf] ljZjf; / k|]ddf ltdLn] daf6 ;'g]sf ;fFrf s'/fx?sf] gd"gfsf] cg'z/0f u/ .

i.15

:j:y -:jR5_ l;4fGt

       xfdL O;fO{ ePsf] gftfn] of] s'/f ;Fw} ;Demg' kb{5 ls jfOan k/d]Zj/sf] arg, k/d]Zj/af6 k|]l/t eP/ xfdLnfO{ lbOPsf] 5 / of] ;Dk"0f{ ?kn] ;xL l;4fGtdf 5 .

@ ltdf]yL #M!^
       ;Dk"0f{ kljq zf:q k/d]Zj/sf] k|]/0ffaf6 ePsf] xf] / of] l;sfpgnfO{, clt{ lbgnfO{, ;RofpgnfO{, wfld{stfdf tflnd lbgnfO{ nfebfos x'G5 .

i.16

of] rflxF xfd|f] k/d]Zj/sf] argsf] e|i6 gePsf] 1fg xf] h;n] lzIffsf] sdL x'g]x?nfO{ ljZjf; lbnfpg ;S5 .
tLt; !M(
       ltgnfO{ l;sfOPsf] ljZjf;of]Uo argdf ltgL bfO{nf] a:g'k5{, tfls ltgn] kSsf l;4fGtcg';f/ lzIff lbg ;s'g\ / tL s'/fx?sf] v08g ug]{x?nfO{ em'6f ;fljt ug{ ;s'g\ .

i.17

;'Gg]x? ;a}sf] nflu o:tf] vfnsf] lzIff nfebfos x'G5 . tLt; @ sf] d'Vo a'Fbfdf h:tf] o;n] nf]Ug] dflg; / :jf:gL dflg;, hjfgx?sf] wfld{s hLjgaf/] l;sfpF5 . of] lzIff ToxL ;xL l;4fGtaf6 cfpF5 ls xfdL ;a} hgf kfkLx?af6 ljZjf; 3/df -kl/jf/df_ lslgPsfx? xf}+ .

/f]dL ^M !&–!*
!&_t/ k/d]Zj/nfO{ wGojfb xf];\ ls ltdLx? hf] PskN6 kfksf sdf/f lyof}, ca h'g lzIffsf gd"gfdf ltdLx? ;'lDkPsf lyof}, Tof] x[bon] kfng ug]{ ePsf 5f} .
!*_ltdLx? kfkaf6 d'Qm u/fOP/ wfld{stfsf sdf/f ag]sf 5f} .

i.18

w]/}n] o;sf] lj?4df h] ljZjf; u/] klg ;xL l;4fGtn] d08nL ljefhg ug]{ ulNt sfo{ ub}{g . of] sfo{ Pp6f ;Gtx?nfO{ d]6fpg] d'Vo sf/0fsf] kvf{n pEofP/ ;fwf/0fto o;nfO{ j]jf:tf u/L cfkm\g} s'/fx? hf]8]/ xfd|f] s'/fnfO{ a6fl//x]sf] sfd xf] . o; s'/fdf xfdL xf]l;of/ x'g} k5{ ls o:tf] s'g} klg l;4fGtx? :jLsf/ ug'{x'Fb}g h'g lzIff k"0f{?kn] k/d]Zj/sf] argdf k|dfl0ft ug{ -l;4 x'g_ ;Sb}g . ;a} l;4fGtaf6 xfdLn] q'l6sf] :jtGqtf k|fKt u/]sf 5f}+ elg eG7fGg' x'Fb}g . l;4fGtnfO{ :jLsf/ ug'{eGbf klxn] o;nfO{ xf]l;of/;fy hfFRg' kb{5 . o;n] h] l;sfpF5 To;sf] >f]tx? ljZjf;gLotf 5 ls 5}g elg hfFRg' kb{5 . j]/]Pg;\n] (Bereans) h:t} xfdLn] bf];|f] xftb]lv s'g} klg s'/f :jLsf/ ug'{ x'Fb}g .

k|]l/t !&M!!
oxfFsf ox'bLx? y];nf] lgs]sfx?eGbf a9L enf lyP . lsgeg] logLx?n] k'/f pT;'stfsf ;fy arg u|x0f u/], / tL s'/fx? 7Ls} o:t} x'g ls xf]Ogg\ elg lbgx'F wd{zf:q 5fgljg uy]{ .

i.19

ha xfdL s;}nfO{ e]§fpF5f}+ h;n] l;sfPsf . l;4fGtx? wd{zf:q cg';f/ 5}g, Tof] lzIff ljefhgsf] dfWod jf sf/0f xf] . To:tf em'6f lzIff / l;4fGtaf6 xfd|f] ;DaGw tf]8\g' kb{5 .

/f]dL !^M!&
efO xf], d ltdLx?nfO{ cfu|x k"j{s ljGtL ub{5', ls ltdLx?nfO{ l;sfOPsf] wd{ l;4fGtsf] lj?4df km'6 / afrf lj3gf ;[li6 ug]{x?nfO{ gh/ /fv / ltgLx?af6 cnUu} a; .

i.20

v|Li6sf] l;4fGt clt g} dxTjk"0f{ 5 o;nfO{ k5\ofpg c;kmn x'g]x? k/d]Zj/b]lv cnu x'G5 .

@ o'xGgf !M(–!)
(_olb xfdLn] cfkm\gf kfkx? :jLsf/ u¥of}+ eg] pxfFn] xfd|f kfk Ifdf ug'{x'G5 / ;j} cwd{af6 xfdLnfO{ z'4 kfg'{x'G5, lsgls pxfF ljZjf; of]Uo / wdL{ x'g'x'G5 .
!)_olb xfdLn] kfk u/]sf 5}gf}+ elg xfdL eG5f}+ eg] xfdL pxfFnfO{ em'6f t'NofpF5f}+ / pxfFsf] arg xfdLdf x'Fb}g .

i.21

v|Li6sf] Ps}gf;sf] l;4fGt

       cab]lv w]/} dflg;x? ;Totfsf] vf]hL ubf{ ltgLx?sf] 3d08 -uj{_ df x:tIf]k ug]{ cg'dltsf] 5fgljg gxf];\ . ltgLx?sf] ;Totfsf] cg';Gwfg ubf{ ;xL l;4fGtsf] Ps}gf;sf] zlQm kQf nufpg]5g\ . k/d]Zj/n] h] eGg'x'G5 Tof] dxTjk"0f{ 5, xfdL h] rfxFb}gf}+, ToxL s'/f pxfFn] eGg'eof] . xfd|f] hLjgsf] slt w]/} ;dox? lyP, h'ga]nf xfd|f cfdf afafn] eg]sf s'/f xfdLnfO{ dg kb}{gYof] . t/ pxfFx?n] xfd|f] clwsf/ kfpgaf6 /f]s nufpg' ePg lsgeg] v/fa s'/f 5'6\ofpg ;Sg] 1fgsf] nflu d'No r'sfOPsf] lyof] . xfdL d08nLsf] vflt/ of] ljj]ssf] d'No r'sfOPsf] 5 ls k/d]Zj/sf] zlQmaf6 Ps efO csf]{ efOb]lv ljeflht ePsf] cj:yfdf k/d]Zj/sf] argsf] pNyfsf] nflu of] ljj]s lbOPsf] 5 . k/d]Zj/sf] zlQm hg' rflxF Pstfdf /x]/ xfdL;Fu klg x'g ;SYof] . ofb /fVg'xf];\ ls ha;Dd dflyNnf] sf]7fdf !@) hgf dflg;x? hDdf eP/ Pstfdf /x]g ta;Dd kljq cfTdfsf] a/bfg cfPg . olb xfdL o:t} vfnsf] cflzif rfxG5f}+ eg] xfdLdf klg ltgLx?sf] h:t} Pp6} dg, Pp6} cj:yfdf / Pp6} vfnsf] ljrf/ x'g} kb{5 .

k|]l/t @M!–$
!_hg k]lGtsf];sf] lbg cfof], ltgLx? ;a} Ps} 7fpFdf e]nf ePsf lyP .
@_clg :ju{af6 crfgs 7"nf] atf;sf] emf]Ssf h:t} Pp6f cfjfh cfof] / ltgLx?   a;]sf] k'/f 3/} el/lbof] .
#_cfuf]sf lha|fx?h:tf ltgLx? sxfF b]vf k/] / efuefu eP/ ltgLx? /x]sdfly a;] .
$_clg ltgLx? ;a}hgf kljq cfTdfn] el/P/ kljq cfTdfn] ltgLx?nfO{ lbg'ePsf] pRrf/0f adf]lhd ltgLx? cGo efiffx?df af]Ng nfu] .

i.22

lghL cg'jfb

       xfdL w]/}h;f], hf] h'g b]zsf gful/s xf}+, ToxL b]zsf] efiff af]Nb5f}+ . afOanx? xfd|f] cfkm\g} efiffdf n]lvPsf 5g\ / xfd|f] k9\5f}+ / cWoog u5f}{+ . k|To]s zAbnfO{ a8f] xf]l;of/L ckgfP/ nueu krf; k|lt cg'jfb xfdf|f] efiffdf cg'jfb ul/Psf 5g\ . olb xfdL c+u|]hL af]N5f}+ eg] xfd|f] afOan c+u|]hLdf n]lvPsf] 5, n]vsnfO{ h:t} lgisif{df cfOk'Ubf xfdLnfO{ ;lhnf] ePsf] x'g'k5{ . ha xfdL lglZrt afOanLo l;4fGtsf] af/]df c?nfO{ aofg u5f}{+ / ltgLx?sf] egfO{nfO{ klg ;'G5f}+, xfdL c?sf] efiffaf6 cg'jfb ul//x]sf] eP klg of] tkfO{sf] cfkm\g} cg'jfb xf] elg ;'lglbg' kb{5 / o;n] s'g} c;/ kfb}{g .

i.23

olb d]/f] cfdfn] dnfO{ vfg] yf]sdf /f]6L, b'w / l3p lsGg' elg lr7L k7fpg'eof] eg] d}n] pxfFsf] lr7LnfO{ cg'jfb uf{ ;f]8f, u'Fb / ld>L lsGg' eg]/ eg] eg] s] d]/f] cfdfn] of] s'/f :jLsf/ ug'{x'GYof] < egf}+ g Pp6f ljBfyL{n] c;kmn ePsf] sfuh lnP/ lzIfssxfF cfP/ bfjL ug{ yfn] ls k|To]s k|Zgx?sf] cg'jfb l9nf ePsf]n] ubf{ xf] . lzIfsn] pgLx?sf] ljrf/ eGbf klg ljBfyL{nfO{ cfsif{s u/fO{ ltgLx?nfO{ a'emfpg'sf] nflu km]l/ klg sIff lbg' kg]{ x'G5 . dnfO{ z+sf nfU5 ls s'g} o:t} k|s/sf] cg'/f]wx?sf] 5'6 x'GYof] . k/d]Zj/sf] arg dfq @ tj/n] cg'jfb ug{ ;lsG5 . c;n tj/n] / v/fa tj/n] . km'6]sf] cyf{t wfl/nf] lhj|f]l;t k/d]Zj/ af]ng' x'Gg . ltgLx? hf] k/d]Zj/sf] argsf] a'emfO{df c;kmn x'G5g\, pxfFn] 7Ls;Lt l;sfpg'x'G5 / 7Ls l;t pT;j dgfpg'x'g]5, hfFRg' x'g]5 / c;kmnsf] d'No ltg'{x'G5 .

ofs'j #M!
efO{ xf], ltdLx?dWo] w]/} hgf lzIfs gxf]cf] / lsgls ltdLx? hfGb5f}, fdL lzIff lbg]x?sf] Gofo cem s7f]/ x'g]5 .

@ kq'; #M!^
pgsf ;a} kIfx?df klg pgn] oL s'/fx?sf] pNn]v u/]sf 5g\ . ltgdf s'g} s'g} s'/fx? a'em\g sl7g 5g\ / clzlIft / r~rn dflg;x?n] oL s'/fx?nfO{ c? wd{zf:qx?nfO{ h:t} pN6fkfN6f kf5{g\ / cfkm\gf] ljgf; NofpF5g\ .

i.24

k/d]Zj/sf] arg OZj/Lo arg xf], h'g rflx cud jQmfx?af6 dflg;df ePsf] k|sfz xf] / of] s'g} JolQmut ?kn] vf]lnPsf] cg'jfb xf]Og / slxn] klg o:tf] x'g] 5}g .

@ kq'; !M@)–@!
@)_;j{k|yd ltdLx?n] of] a'em\g' kb{5 ls wd{zf:qsf] s'g} cudjf0fL JolQmut JofVofsf] ljifo xf]Og .
@!_lsgls dflg;sf] OR5faf6 s'g} cud af0fL cfPg t/ kljq cfTdfaf6 k|]/0ff kfP/ dflg;x?n] k/d]Zj/sf] tkm{af6 af]n]sf x'g\ .

lkmlnKkL @M!–%
!_olb v|Li6df s]xL k|f]T;fxg 5 eg] k|]dsf] s]xL k|]/0ff kljq cfTdfsf] s]xL ;+ult, s]xL :g]x / ;fxg'e"lt 5 eg]
@_ltdLx? Pp6} dgsf eP/, Pp6} k|]ddf /fv]/, k"0f{ ;Ddlt;fy Pp6} lrqsf eP/ d]/f] cfgGb k'/f u/ .
#_:jfy{ / cx+sf/df s]xL gu/, t/ gd"gfdf Pp6fn] csf{nfO{ cfkm"eGbf h]i7 7fg .
$_ltdLx? x/]sn] cfkm\gf] lxt dfq gvf]n, t/ c?sf lxtnfO{ klg x]/ .
%_ltdLx? o:tf] dg xf];\, hf] v|Li6 o]z"df klg lyof] .

i.25

k/d]Zj/n] eGg'x'G5, To;sf] cy{ s] xf] / To; cy{df k/d]Zj/n] s] eGg'x'G5 . oxfF k/d]Zj/sf argnfO{ a'em\g] @ cf]6} tl/sfx? 7Ls 5}gg\ . Pp6} dfq tl/sf 7Ls 5g\ Tof] xf] pxfFsf] tl/sf . k/d]Zj/sf] d08nL l56} vfgf agfpg] /]i6'/]06 xf]Og . tkfO{ cfkm\gf] tl/sfn] ug{ ;Sg' x'g] 5}g .