++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++;[l6sf] sf/0f

gf]6 M n]vsn] eGg vf]h]sf] s'/fx? /fd|/L a'em\g s[kof n]vssf] ;Gb]z k9\g'xf];\ .

3.1

cy{sf] vf]hL

       hLjgsf] cy{ s] xf] < of] k|Zg x/]s cy{xLg dflg;sf] d'vdf 76\of}nL k|sf/n] cfpF5 . hf] k/d]Zj/nfO{ ;fFrf] k|sf/n] ljZjf; ub}{g p;n] k/d]Zj/sf] of]hgf ljgf s'g} nIo ug'{x'G5 eg]/ bf]if nufpF5 . t/ k/d]Zj/;Fu dflg;nfO{ lsg ;[li6 ug'{eof] eGg] sf/0f 5 . w]/} dflg; of] o; cgf}7f] k|sf/sf] k|Zg ;'g]sf] e/df k/d]Zj/n] dflg;nfO{ pxfFsf] dlxdf ug{ agfpg' ePsf] xf] eg]/ 6fl/lbG5g\ . t/ o; s'/fsf] ulx/f] efj a'em\g rfxb}gg\ . s] yfxf of] s'/f ;To klg x'g ;S5 . t/ of] k|Zg slt sltsf] nflu lrQ a'em\bf] ts{ x'Fb}g . s] olt dfq xf] jf cem} s]xL 5 < s] xfdL of] ;f/f hut k[YjL, a|Xdf08 ;[li6 ug'{sf] k5fl8 k/d]Zj/sf] dlxdf dfq ug'{ xf] . d tkfO{nfO{ of] s'/f eGg rfxG5' ls x/]s s'/f hf] k/d]Zj/n] ug'{ x'G5, To; s'/fn] pxfFnfO{ dlxdLt t'NofpF5 . ToxfF cem} s]xL sf/0fx? 5g\ . pxfFsf >dx/sf nflu / of] ;[li6 h'g xfdLnfO{ yfxf 5 . of] s'g} 7"nf] of]hgfsf] lx:;f xf] .

3.2

xfdLnfO{ yf]/} dfq k/d]Zj/n] ;[li6 ug'{ cl3 ug'{ePsf] sfo{x?sf] af/]df yfxf 5 . t/ xfdL To;nfO{ /fd|/L a'em\b}gf}+ s] xfdL k/d]Zj/n] af]Ng' ePsf s'/fx?af6 ;[li6sf] cl3 ePsf sfo{x? c8\sn ug{ ;S5f}+ . wd{zf:qx? slxn] klg zfGt x'Fb}gg\ . ltgLx? x/]s s'/f h'g ;[li6 cl3 ePsf] s'/fx? bf]xf]¥ofpF5g\ . of] s'/fx?af6 xfdLn] clnslt ePklg k/d]Zj/sf] ;[li6sf] p2]Zo yfxf kfpg ;S5f}+ . of] rflxF zAbhfndf 7Ls 7Ls cIf/x? yfxf kfP/ n]lvg] zAbx? h:t} x'g\ . oL zf:qn] klg xfdLnfO{ yf]/} cIf/x? lbPsf 5g\ . h;åf/f xfdL zAbx? z'? ug{ ;S5f}+ .

3.3

:juL{o o'4

       ;j{k|yd xfdLn] :ju{df e}/x]sf] o'4nfO{ clnslt hfFr ug'{k5{ . xfdLn] wd{zf:qaf6 dflg;sf] ;[li6eGbf klxn] :ju{b'tx? x'Gy], h;n] k/d]Zj/sf] /fHo ;+rfng uy]{ / cl3 a9fpFy] . xfd|f] cfkm\g} cknf]sgåf/f klg xfdLn] of] pk;+xf/ lgsfNg ;S5f}+ ls k/d]Zj/n] lagf p2]Zo s]xL klg ug'{x'Gg, x/]s s'/f hf] pxfFn] ;[li6 ug'{x'G5 Tof] pxfFsf] dxfg\ of]hgfsf] s]xL lx:;f dfq xf] . olb xfdLn] o;nfO{ dfGotf lbG5f}+ / u|x0f u5f}+ eg] xfdLnfO{ k/d]Zj/n] lsg ;[li6 ug'{eof] eGg] ljifodf dxfg\ kfOnf Ps sbd cufl8 ;f5f}+ .

3.4

xfd|f] cfkm\g} cg'ejn] klg of] s'/f l;sfpF5 ls o; a|Xdf08df b'O{j6f 7"nf zlQmx? 5g\ . hf] Ps csf{df h'Wb5g\ . tL x'g\ ;To h;nfO{ k/d]Zj/sf] k|tLs dflgG5 eg] csf]{ em'6f] h;nfO{ z}tfgsf] k|tLs dflgG5 . dfG5] cfkm}n] ljrf/ k'¥ofP/ cfkm\gf] :jtGqtfn] of t ;TonfO{ jf c;TonfO{ u|x0f ug'{k5{ / a'em\g'k5{ . wd{zf:qn] c;TonfO{ ljleGg tl/sfaf6 ptf/]sf] 5 . o;nfO{ em'6sf] a'af, clhË/, ;k{, ;+;f/sf] /fhf / z}tfg cflb k/d]Zj/n] pbfx/0f lbP/ z}tfgsf] af/]df dflg;x?nfO{ lzIff lbg'ePsf] 5 . ha kq';n] k/d]Zj/sf] of]hgf eË ug{ pxfFnfO{ ;f+;fl/s s'/fsf] nfnr b]vfpF5 ta k/d]Zj/n] kq';nfO{ z}tfg eGg' eof] lsg < lsgeg] To;If0f kq';nfO{ z}tfgn] sAhfdf kf/]/ k/d]Zj/sf] p4f/ ug]{ of]hgf eË ug{ rfxGYof] .

-dlQ !^M@!–@#_
@! M æpxfF s;/L o?zn]ddf hfg'k5{ / wd{ u'? / d'Vo k'hf/Lx? / zf:qLx?af6 w]/} si6 ef]Ug'k5{, dfl/g'k5{ / t];|f] lbgdf hLljt eO{ p7\g'k5{ elg pxfFn] To;a]nfb]lv cfkm\gf r]nfx?nfO{ atfpg yfNg'eof] .Æ
@@M ækq';n] pxfFnfO{ Psflt/ nu]/ xKsfpg yfn], k/d]Zj/n] o;f] gu?g\, k|e' tkfO{dfly o:tf] slxNo} x'g]5}g .Æ
@#M æt/ kms]{/ pxfFn] kq';nfO{ eGg'eof], z}tfg d]/f] ;fd'Gg]af6 xl6hf, tF d]/f] lglDt afwf xf];\ lsgeg] tF k/d]Zj/sf s'/fdf xf]Og t/ dflg;x?sf s'/fdf Wofg lbG5;\ .Æ

3.5

c? h:t} kq';n] klg cfkm\gf] Wofg hLjgdf z}tfgsf] :j?k b]vfpFYof] . tL dWo] Pp6f xf] o'j/fh -6fO/;_ To; ;Djfbaf6 xfdLn] s]xL tl/sf / ;fFrf] ;To yfxf kfpF5f}+ . k/d]Zj/sf] b'Zdg z}tfg xf], xfdLn] OhlsPnn] eg]sf] cudaf0fLdf Wofg lbpF h;df p;n] 6fO/;sf] /fhf hf] v/fa o'j/fhsf] cToflTds a'af z}tfg .

-OhlsPn @*M!!–!(_
!!M k/dk|e'sf] of] arg d sxfF cfof] .
!@M x] dflg;sf] 5f]/f], 6'/f];sf /fhfsf] ljifodf ljnfk u/ / To;nfO{ eg M k/dk|e' k/d]Zj/ o;f] eGg'x"G5 ætF l;4tfsf] Ps gd"gf lyO;\ / a'l4n] k"0f{ ;jf{Ë ;'Gb/ .
!#M k/d]Zj/sf] au}+rf cbgdf tF lyO;\ . x/]s ax'd'No kTy/n] tF l;+ufl/Psf] lyO;\, dflgs, k'ik/fh, kGgf, lktdl0f, cflgs;, ljNnf}/, lg/, lkm/f]hf / a]?hn] tF cfe"lift lyO;\ . t]/f dl0f3/x? ;'gn] df]xf]l/Psf lyP, t ;[h]sf] lbgdf g} tL tof/ kfl/Psf lyP .
!$M cleefjs s?a x'gnfO{ tF cleif]s ul/Psf] lyO;\ lsgls To;/L g} d}n] tFnfO{ lgo'Qm u/]sf] lyPF . k/d]Zj/sf] kljq kj{tdf tF lyOg\ . clUgdo kTy/x?sf aLrdf tF lx8\ly;\ .
!%M tF ;[lhPsf] lbgb]lv tFdf cw{d km]nf gk/]sf] lbg;Dd t]/f rfn bËdf tF bf]if/lxt lyO;\ .
!^M t]/f rf/}lt/sf Jofkf/åf/f tF pkb|jn] el/O;\ / t}n] kfk ul/;\ . o;}n] d}n] tFnfO{ k/d]Zj/sf] kj{taf6 ckdfg u/L v]lblbPF / x] cleefjs s?a d}n] tFnfO{ clUgdo kTy/x?sf aLrb]lv wkfO{lbPF .
!&M t]/f] ;'Gb/tfn] ubf{ t]/f] x[bo 3d08n] km'lnof] . t}n] cfkm\gf] uf}/asf] sf/0f t]/f] a'l4nfO{ e|i6 kfl/;\ . o;}n] d}n] tFnfO{ hldgdf kmflnlbPF . /fhfx?sf cl3 d}n] tFnfO{ tdfzf agfOlbPF .
!*M t]/f w]/} kfkx? / a]Odfg Jofkf/åf/f t}+n] t]/f kljq :yfgx?nfO{ la6'nf] kf/]sf] 5;\ . o;}n ubf{ d}n] tFaf6} Pp6f cfuf] lgsflnlbPF / To;n] g} tFnfO{ eid kf¥of] . tFnfO{ lgofn]/ x]g]{x? ;a}sf b[li6df d}n] tFnfO{ hldgdf v/fgL t'NofOlbPF .
!(M hflt–hfltx?df tFnfO{ lrGg]x? tFnfO{ b]v]/ eolet x'G5g\ . tF Ps 8/nfUbf], cGTodf cfOk'u]sf] 5;\ / tF km]l/ slxNo} /xg]5}g;\ l;bf]gsf] lj?4df cudaf0fL .

3.6

^_ z}tfgsf] lrq
xfdLn] dflynnf] a'Fbfx?df k/d]Zj/n] 6fO/;sf] /fhfsf] gfd lnP/ z}tfgsf] lrq0f ug'{ePsf] 5 . k/d]Zj/n] s]xL ;To s'/fx? bf]xf]¥ofpg' ePsf 5 . hf] sd}n] z}tfgsf] af/]df hfG5g\ . o;f] clnslt km]l/ ;Demf}+ oL a'Fbfx?n] s] eG5g\ eg] z}tfg cbgsf] au}+rfdf lyof] . xfdLnfO{ yfxf 5 ls 6fO/;sf o'j/fh cbgsf] au}+rfdf lyPgg\ . To;}n] k/d]Zj/n] 6fO/;sf] o'j/fhsf] af/]df af]Ng'ePsf] 5 g t p;sf] ;+;fl/s a'afkl5 tkfO{x?n] of] s'/f ;Demg' x'g]5 ls ha k/d]Zj/ 6fO/;sf] o'j/fhsf] af/]df s'/f ug'{x'G5 ta pxfF 6fO/;sf o'j/fhsf] lrq0f ;xL tl/sfn] ug'{ePsf] 5 . ha pxfF z}tfgsf] af/]df af]Ng'x'G5 pxfF z}tfgnfO{ 6fO/;sf /fhf c;Tosf] lktf, o'j/fhnfO{ z}tfgsf] 5fk k/] h:tf] b]lvG5 . of] s'/faf6 xfdL ;lhn} yfxf kfpg ;S5f}+ ls k/d]Zj/n] xfdLnfO{ of] lrq Ps cj;/sf] ?kdf lbg'ePsf] 5 . xfdL km]l/ gofF hLjg k|fKt ug{ ;s]sf xf}+ / z}tfgsf] Oltxf; klg ToxL k|sf/n] JoQm ug{ rfxg'x'G5 . h'g tl/sfn] pxfFn] kml/;Lx?;Fu ug'{eof] .

-o"xGgf *M$$
 ltdLx? cfkm\gf] lktf lbofan;sf xf} / ltdLx?sf lktfsf] OR5f k'/f ug]{ ltdLx?sf] ;+sNk 5 . Tof] t z'?b]lv g} xTof/f lyof] / ;To;Fu To;nfO{ s]xL jf:tf 5}g lsgeg] To;df s]xL ;To 5}g . ha To;n] em'6 af]Nb5, Tof] cfkm\g} :jefjcg';f/ af]Nb5 lsgeg] Tof] em'6f] xf] / em'6sf] lktf xf] .

3.7

xfdLnfO{ of] s'/f cjut 5 ls o]z" kml/;Lx?sf lktfsf] af/]df s'/f ug'{ePsf] 5}g . t/ tL lbgdf cTdfsf lktfx?sf] af/]df s'/f ul//fVg'ePsf] 5 . o;/L g} k/d]Zj/n] eGg' ePsf] 5}g ls z}tfg 6fO/;sf] o'j/fhsf] lktf z}tfg xf] eg]/ t/ o'j/fhsf] cfTdfsf] lktf x'g eGg' ePsf] 5 . 6fO/;sf] o'j/fh b'i6 lyP . pgsf ;a} sfo{x? b'i6 lyP . h;n] pgsf] cfTdfsf] lktf z}tfgsf] emNsf] b]vfpF5 . ha xfdLn] 6fO/;sf] /fhfsf] af/]df k95f}+ xfdLn] z}tfgsf] af/]df af]ln/x]sf x'G5f}+ . h;sf] gfd n'l;km/ xf], To;n] k/d]Zj/ / pxfFsf ;[li6sf lj?4df af]N5 .

3.8

o; afx]s xfdLn] c? s] s'/f lgsfNg ;S5f}+ t < of] a'Fbfaf6 xfdLn] of] k|dfl0ft ug{ ;S5f}+ ls z}tfg -6fO/;sf] /fhf_ cbgsf] au}+rfdf lyof] . xfdLn] of] s'/f klg yfxf kfpF5f}+ ls z}tfg x/]s s'/fdf kl/kSs lyof], p a'l4 / ;f}Gbo{n] el/Psf] lyof] / pm ax'd'No wft'x?n] ag]sf] lyof], hf] wgsf] k|tLs lyof] . cfZro{sf] s'/f t kb !$ / !% sf s'/fn] bf]xf]¥ofpF5 . z}tfg Psrf]6L k/d]Zj/sf] kljq kxf8df pleof] / aLrsf tL Hjfnfsf 9'Ëfx?df lx8\of] . p;nfO{ k/d]Zj/n] r]/a gfds :ju{b"t agfpg'eof] . hf] ;a} :ju{b"tx?eGbf 7"nf] :ju{b"t lyof] . k/d]Zj/n] p;nfO{ To:tf] ul/dfdo kbdf /fVg' eof] . z}tfg ta;Dd kl/kSs lyof] ha;Dd p;df kfk d]6fOPsf] lyof] .

3.9

kfk s;/L lelqof] < s] eof] xf]nf < jfOjnsf] tYofÍ cg';f/ p;sf] wg / ;'Gb/tfn] pmleq 3d08 hufpg] sfd u¥of] . h;sf] kmn:j?k p cfkm\gf] k|]ldnf] / cfb/of]Uo ;[li6stf{ k/d]Zj/af6 tls{of] / cfkm}nfO{ k|]d / cfb/0f ub}{ cxd efjgf hufof] . kfk / cft+s p;sf] x[bodf 3d08sf] 9f]sfaf6 l5¥of}+ . z}tfg cfkm}n] vf]n]sf] 9f]sf p;sf] :jtGqtfn] p;nfO{ Pp6f s'/f ug{ OR5f u¥of] t/ p;n] unt s'/fsf] OR5f u¥of] .

3.10

ljrf/ ug'{xf];\ Û z}tfg kl/kSs lyof] . ha;Dd kfk pmleq km]nf kfl/Psf] lyPg . z}tfgn] k/d]Zj/nfO{ lagf s]xL 5nsk6 jiff}{+ ;]jf u¥of] xf]nf . ha;Dd p;df 3d08 hfu]g, k/d]Zj/n] z}tfgnfO{ slt k|]d ug'{eof] xf]nf . pxfFn] p;nfO{ ;a} k|f0fL huteGbf pRr t'Nofpg'eof] / p;nfO{ ;'Gb/ tl/sfn] agfpg'eof] . a'l4 clg wg lbg'eof] . Pp6f ulx/fO{ h;n] xfdLnfO{ rf]6 k'¥ofpF5 ls xfdLn] z}tfgnfO{ b]vfPsf] k|]d k/d]Zj/sf] x[bo kSs} klg gkTofpFbf] tl/sfn] b'Vof] ha z}tfgsf] dfof 3[0ffdf ablnof] .

3.11

z}tfgdfq cfkm\gf] k|]dLn] ;[li6stf{af6 6f9f ePg t/ p;n] c?nfO{ klg w]/}nfO{ 6f9f u/fof] h;n] ubf{ :ju{sf w]/} /fHox? sdhf]/ eP . oxL sf/0fn] pm :juL{o 3/af6 k[YjLdf cfpg'k¥of] .

-oz}of !$M!@–!&_
!@M P laxfgsf] tf/f, k|eftsf] k'q tF :ju{af6 s;/L v;]sf] 5;\ . plxn] hflt–hfltx?nfO{ xf]¥ofpg], tF s;/L e'O{df tn v;flnO;\ .
!#M t}+n] cfkm\gf] x[bodf elg\ æd :ju{df plSng] 5', k/d]Zj/sf tf/fx?eGbf dfly d d]/f] l;+xf;gnfO{ pRr kfg]{5' . kljq kj{tsf] ;a}eGbf pRr 6fs'/fdf ;ef;b\sf] kj{tdf d lj/fhdfg x'g]5' .
!$M d afbnsf] 6'KkfeGbf dfly pSng]5' . d cfkm"nfO{ ;jf]{Rr k/d]Zj/ hlQs} agfpg]5' .
!%M t/ tF lrxfg;Dd vf8nsf] tNnf] ulx/fO{;Dd} xf]¥ofO{;\ .
!^M tFnfO{ b]Vg]x?n] tFnfO{ Ps6s nufP/ x]g]{5g\ / t];f] efUodfly Wofgl;t u'g]/ eGg]5g\ …k[YjLnfO{ xNnfpg] tyf /fHox?nfO{ y/x/L kfg]{ .Ú
!&M Tof] ToxL dflg; xf], h;n] ;+;f/nfO{ d?e"ld agfof] / To;sf zx/x?nfO{ k/fho u¥of] . s}bLx?nfO{ 3/hfgnfO{ glbg] s] of] ToxL dflg; xf] <

3.12

z}tfgsf] nIo
k/d]Zj/sf] b08n] z}tfgdf s]xL abnfj cfPg t/ To;sf] cft+s, l/; / qmf]w cfof] . pm k[YjL 3'D5 t/ p;nfO{ yfxf 5 ls p;df yf]/} ;do 5 k/d]Zj/sf] Gofosf] lbg ;fdgf ug{ . h;/L anfd anfsnfO{ O;|fonsf] ;GtfgnfO{ cwdL{ t'Nofpg nf]e, nfnr / 3d08n] k6\ofpg k|]l/t u/], To;/L g} z}tfg klg To:t} ug{ rfxGYof] .
-!kq'; %M*_
;r]t /xf], hfuf /xf], ltdLx?sf] zq' lbofjn; s;nfO{ d]6fpmF / vfO{xfFn' elg uh{g] l;+x em} vf]hLlx8\5 .

-uGtL #!M!^–!&_
!^M x]/ logLx?n] g} afnfdsf] o'lQmåf/f O;|fonLx?nfO{ kf]/df k/dk|e"sf] lj?4df ck/fw ug{ nfPsf lyP . o;}n] ;d'bfosf] aLrdf ljklQ klg cfPsf] lyof] .
!&M o;}sf/0f ;a} gfaflnux?dWo] s]6f d;Fu s]xL s'/fx? 5g\ lsgeg] ltdLx?;Fu o:tf sf]xL sf]xL 5g\, h;n] afnfdsf] lzIff dfG5g\ . O;|fonLx?sf cufl8 7f]s/sf] sf/0f ag'g elg d"lt{x?nfO{ r9fPsf] ef]hg vfg / Jolerf/ ug{ afnfdn] afnfsnfO{ l;sfP .

k|sfz @M!$
t/ ltdLx?sf lj?4df d;+u s]lx s'/fx? 5g\ , lsgeg] ltdLx?;+u o:tf sf]xL sf]xL 5g\, h;n] afnfdsf] lzIffdf dfGb5g\ . O;|fPnLx?sf cuf8L 7f]s/sf] sf/0f ag'g elg d'lt{x?nfO{ r9fPsf vfg]s'/f vfg / Jolerf/ ug{ afnfdn] afnfsnfO{ l;sfP .

3.13

z}tfg;Fu Pp6}dfq nIo 5 . l/;n] r'/ eP/ cfPsf] z}tfg k[YjLdf cfP/ o]z"sf d08nLx? gi6 ug{ rfxG5 . p;n] cfkm\gf] d'vaf6 3[0ff, cZnLn lrqx?, nfu" kbfy{, c;fdflhs, cft+s, nf]es jfS5 . h;n] k/d]Zj/sf] /fHo jjf{b xf];\ . lsg < lsg cflv/ z}tfg k/d]Zj/sf ;]jsx?nfO{ dfg{ nfluk/]sf] 5 < lsg xfdL < xfdLn] s] u/]sf 5f}+ < k/d]Zj/sf] s'g of]hgfn] xfdLnfO{ z}tfgsf] bjfjåf/f 6f9f ug{ vf]h]sf] 5 < ;fob pm k/d]Zj/n] cflv/ lsg dflg;nfO{ ;[li6 ug'{ eof] eGg] s'/f hfGg rfxG5 .

-k|sfz !@M(–!&_
(M Tof] 7"nf] clhË/ tn kmflnof] . Tof] k|flrg ;k{ hf] ;f/f ;+;f/nfO{ axsfpg] lbofan; jf z}tfg xf] Tof] k[YjLdf km\oflsof] / To;sf b'tx? ;fy;fy} km\oflsP .
!)M ta d}n] :ju{df o;f] elg/x]sf] Pp6f 7"nf] cfjfh ;'g] æca xfd|f k/d]Zj/sf] d'QL;sL, /fHo / pxffsf v|Li6sf] clwsf/ cfPsf] 5 . lsgls xfd|f efO{x?nfO{ bf]if nufpg] h;n] xfd|f k/d]Zj/sf] ;fd'Gg] ltgLx?nfO{ lbg/ft bf]if nufpF5, Tof] tn km\oflsPsf] 5 .
!!M ltgLx?n] y'dfsf] /ut / cfkm\gf ujfxLsf] argsf] sf/0f To;nfO{ lht]sf 5g\ / ltgLx?n] d[To';Dd} klg cfkm\gf] Hofgsf] dfof /fv]gg\ .
!@M o;sf/0f x] :ju{df /xg]x? ltdLx? /dfcf] t/ k[YjL / ;d'Gb|nfO{ lwsf/ 5 . lsgeg] cfkm\gf] ;do cNk 5 elg yfxf kfP/ lbofjn; 7"nf] qmf]w;fy ltdLx?sxfF tn cfPsf] 5 .
!#M ha To; clhË/n] cfkm" k[YjLdf km\oflsPsf] b]Vof], ta To;n] 5f]/f] hGdfpg] To; :qLnfO{ v]b\of] .
!$M t/ To; :qLnfO{ To; ;k{sf] ;Dd'vaf6 phf8 :yfgdf p8]/ hfgnfO{ 7"nf] u?8sf b'O{ kv]6f lbOP . Tof] phf8 :yfg ;f9] tLg jif{;Dd :qLsf] kfngkf]if0fsf] lglDt tof/ ul/Psf] lyof] .
!%M To; :qLnfO{ afbn] ahfcf];\ eg]/ To; ;k{n] :qLsf] kl5 cfkm\gf] d'vaf6 glbh:t} kfgL lgsfNof] .
!^M t/ k[YjLn] To; :qLnfO{ ;xfotf u¥of] / clhË/n] cfkm\gf] d'vaf6 lgsfn]sf] gbL k[YjLn] cfkm\gf] d'v p3f/]/ lglnlbof] .
!&M ta Tof] clhË/ To; :qL;Fu qmf]lwt eof] / To;sf afFsL ;Gtfg;Fu o'4 ug{ uof] . cyf{t ltgLx?;Fu w'gx?n] k/d]Zj/sf cf1fx? kfngf ub{5g\ / o]z"sf] ujfxL lbG5g\ clg Tof] clhË/ ;d'Gb|sf] lsgf/df v8f eof] .
;fob z}tfgsf] l/; / d08nL;Fu s]xL ;DaGw 5 . h:t} d08nL dxfg ;}lgs, k[YjLdf cfPsf 5g\, h'grflxF z}tfg;Fu lyof] t/ ;[li6sf] zlQmn] pgLx? tL b]z lhTg rfxG5g\ .

3.14

dflg;sf] ;[li6sf] sf/0f
k|]l/t kfjnn] eg]sf 5g\ æs] ltdLx?nfO{ yfxf 5}g < xfdL :ju{b"tx?sf] Gofo ug]{5f}+ . oxL sf/0f g} xf] . z}tfg xfdL;Fu Oiof{n' ePsf] < jf of] klg x'g ;S5 ls k/d]Zj/ x/fPsf :ju{b"tx?;Fu xfdLnfO{ ;f6\g rfxg'x'G5 < s] of] g} sf/0f xf] xfd|f] ;[li6 ePsf] < s]xL oxL sf/0fn] z}tfg xfd|f] jjf{bL rfxG5 < o;sf] af/]df ;f]Rg'xf];\ O;fO{x?n] s;/L :ju{b"tx?nfO{ hfFRg bIf x'G5g\ hals k/LIff, b'Mv, kfk, d[To'h:tf s'/fx? oxfF x'G5g\ / s;/L xfdLx? tL :juL{o u'0fx? kfpg ;S5f}+ of] z}tflgs /fHodf x'G5 .

3.15

o;sf] af/]df ;f]Rg'xf];\ k/d]Zj/n] ;[li6 ug'{ePsf x/]s s'/fx?sf] Pp6f p2]Zo 5 . pxfFsf] :ju{df x'g] Ps Ps :ju{b"tsf] ;[li6sf] p2]Zo 5 . tLg efusf] Ps efu :ju{b"tx? cfkm\gf] sfd 5f]8]/ z}tfgsf] kl5 nfu] . h;n] ubf{ pgLx? :ju{af6 aflx/ kmflnP . ltgLx? tn k[YjLdf kmflnP clGtd Gofosf] kvf{Osf] lglDt / ltgLx?sf] sfd k"/f ePsf] 5}g . ltgLx?nfO{ yfxf 5 ls xfdL k/d]Zj/sf 5f]/f5f]/Lx? tof/ x'Fb}5g\ . tL 7fpFx?sf] nflu jf tL kbx?sf] nflu hxfF klxn] ltgLx? j:by] hf] dlxdf klxn] ltgLx?n] kfpFby] ca v|Li6Lohgx?n] kfpF5g\, hf] w}o{;fy cGTo;Dd kv{G5 .

-k|sfz @M@^–@&_
@^M h;n] lhT5 / d]/f sfdx?nfO{ cflv/;Dd} sfod /fV5, To;nfO{ d hflt–hflt dfly clwsf/ lbg]5' .
@&M / kmnfdsf] 808fn] df6f]sf efF8fx? 6'qmf 6'qmf kf/]/ kmf]/] em}+ To;n] ltgLx?nfO{ zf;g ug]{5, h;/L d}n] klg d]/f lktfaf6 clwsf/ kfPsf] 5' .

-k|sfz @!M@$–@^_
@$M ToxfFs} pHofnf]df hflt hfltx? lx88'n ug]{5g\ . k[YjLsf /fhfx?n] cfkm\gf j}ej To;df Nofpg]5g\ .
@%M lbgdf To;sf 9f]sfx? s'g} lsl;dn] aGb x'g] 5}gg\ / ToxfF /ft g} x'g]5}g .
@^M ltgLx?n] hflt hfltx?sf j}ej / ;Ddfg To;leq Nofpg]5g\ .

3.16

k/d]Zj/n] rfxg'ePsf] eP tL lu/]sf :ju{b"tx? h:t} c? :ju{b"tx? klg /fVg ;Sg' x'GYof] t/ pxfFn] ;f]Rg' eof] ls km]l/ ToxL ;d:of t bf]xf]l/g] xf]Og . k/d]Zj/n] bf]xf]l/Psf] dg k/fpg' x'Gg, To;}n] pxfFn] k|f0fLx?nfO{ ;[li6 ug'{eof] . h'grflxF tL :ju{b"teGbf s]xL ;dosf] nflu sdhf]/ lyP . pxfFn] Pp6f k|f0fLnfO{ ;[li6 ug'{eof] tfls p Pp6f :ju{b"teGbf klg sdhf]/ ecf];\ lsgls p;nfO{ klg k/LIffdf kfg{ sf]lzz ul/of] / kfl/of] . h;/L tL :ju{b"tx? k/]sf lyP . Pp6f k|f0fL h;n] kljq cfTdfsf] zlQmåf/f sdhf]/Laf6 prflnof];\ / kfksf k/LIffx?af6 6f9f /xf];\ . k/d]Zj/n] Pp6f k|f0fLnfO{ ;[li6 ug'{eof] hf] hGdb}v]l/ kfkL lyof] . k/d]Zj/n] tL k|f0fLnfO{ dflg; hutaf6 r'g] x'G5 hf] kfksf] v';LofnLdf g/dfOsg k/d]Zj/sf] wfld{stfdf dfly x'G5 . h;/L k/d]Zj/ z}tfgsf] dfly x'g'x'G5 / hLjg d[Tosf] dfly .

3.17

Ps lbg k/d]Zj/n] ;a} ljZjf;Lhgx?nfO{ e]nf ug'{x'G5 / k/LIffaf6 ljho ug'{x'G5 . pxfFn] pxfFsf hgx?nfO{ k/LIffdf kfg{ vf]Hg] / bf]if nufpg] dflg;x?nfO{ tL lu/]sf :ju{b"tx? h:t} agfpg' x'G5 / gi6 kfg'{x'G5 . o;/L pxfFn] ltgLx?af6 cfkm\gf] p2]Zo k"/f ug'{ x'G5 . o:tf] b'Mvx? ;x]kl5 ltgLx? /fd|/L tL :ju{b"tx?nfO{ hfFr of]Uo x'G5g\ h'g :ju{b"tx?;Fu pgLx?sf] ;f6km]/ x'G5 .

-! sf]/GyL &M@–#_
@M ;Gtx?n] ;+;f/sf] Gofo u5{g\ egg] s] ltdLx?nfO{ yfxf 5}g < olb ;+;f/sf] Gofo ltdLx?n] g} ug'{k5{ eg] ;fgfeGbf ;fgf d'2fx? l5Gg s] ltdLx? cof]Uo 5f} .
#M s] ltdLx?nfO{ yfxf 5}g xfdL :ju{b"tx?sf] Gofo ug]{5f}+ < p;f] eP o; hLjgdf x'g] s'/f 7"nf x'g\ / <

3.18

x/]s o'udf k/d]Zj/n] w]/} cfTdfx?nfO{ kfpg' x'G5 h'g cfTdfx? ljZjf;of]Uo 5g\ . pxfF cfkm}nfO{ yfxf 5 ls pxfFnfO{ slt hgf dflg;x? rflxPsf] 5, h'g;Fu tL tLg efusf :ju{ b"tx?;Fu ;f6\g ;Sg'x'G5 . pxfFn] cfkm\gf] :juL{o /fHoaf6 tn cf]ln{g' x'G5, ha tL rflxPsf dflg;x?sf] ;+Vof k'U5 To; avt k[YjLdf k/d]Zj/n] s6gL ug'{x'G5 / h'g dflg; tL k/LIffdf c;kmn x'G5g\ ltgLx? s6gLdf kb{5g\ / gofF ;'?jft x'G5 . hf] cGTo;Dd} cfkm\gf] ljZjf; g8udufOsg} ljho x'G5 . xfdL Ifdf lbOPsfx?, k/d]Zj/sf] /utn] lslgPx? k/d]Zj/sf ;Gtfg]x? Ps lbg :ju{b"tx?sf] 7fpFdf x'g]5f}+ . slt cfgGbsf] s'/f .=