Covenant Security s/f/sf] ;'/Iff

gf]6 M n]vsn] eGg vf]h]sf] s'/fx? /fd|/L a'em\g s[kof n]vssf] ;Gb]z k9\g'xf];\ .

[6.1]

ljZjf;åf/f cg'u|x s'g} Pp6f ;fgf] s[lif ;DaGwL zx/ 7"nf] zx/sf] glhs d?e"ld h:tf] b'u{d 7fpFdf :yflkt ePsf] lyof] / of] s'g} JolQmsf] :jfldTjdf lyof] . o; wgL dflg; afx]s zx/sf c? dflgn] cfkm\gf] kl/>dL kl/jf/nfO{ cl:tTjdf /fVg cfkm\gf] s/];faf/Lx?df w]/} ;+3if{ ug'{ kYof]{ . clws jiff{, af9L, klx/f] / ;do j];dodf kg]{ cl;gfn] ubf{ of] ;fgf] ufpFnfO{ c? ;+3if{ ug{ afWo u/fPsf] lyof] . o:tf k|fs[lts k|sf]k kl/0ffd :j?k w]/} k6s wg;DklQ / dfgjLo Iflt Joxf]g'{ k/]sf] lyof] .

[6.2]

ljz]if u/L nfdf] v8]/Lsf] cjlwdf w]/} h;f] v]tjf/L c;kmn x'g] vt/fdf lyP . kfgL gePsf] sf/0f tL afnLx?nfO{ ;lhn} /f]un] cfqmd0f uYof]{ . ha afnLgfnL /fd|f] x'Fb} uYof]{ ;a} ;d'bfo gi6 x'g] 8/ lyof] .

[6.3]

o:tf] cj:yfdf Pp6f wgL kz'kfnsn] cfkm\gf] zx/sf ;a} dflg;x?nfO{ ldl6Ëdf af]nfof] . clg p;n] slxNo} g;'Sg] Pp6f k'/fgf] Ogf/ h'g w]/} jif{b]lv k|of]u ul/Fb} cfPsf] lyof] To;sf] af/]df atfof] . of] Ogf/ p;sf] hUuf glhs} lyof] / pgn] To;nfO{ cefjsf] a]nf rnfpgsf] nflu hf]ufpg] ljrf/ ub}{ lyof] . p;n] ufpFn]x?nfO{ of] klg atfof] ls Tof] Ogf/ b]Vgdf slQ klg ;'Gb/ 5}g ;fy} o;sf] dflysf] tgfj6 klg 5}g / h;n] To;af6 kfgL lemSg]x?n] 8f]/L / aflN6g cfkm} Nofpg' k5{ / aflN6gn] l;Q}df lngsf] nflu z'4 kfgL kQf nufpF5 .

[6.4]

of] s'/f ;'Gg] dWo sf]xL sf]xLn] o;/L ;f]Rg yfn]sL st} of] dflg;n] c?sf] af/L cfkm\gf] agfpg] unt rfn rn]sf] t xf]Og < Tof] Ogf/sf] af/]df yfxf gePsf sf]xL JolQmn] ;f]Rg yfn] ls st} of] dfG5]n] p;sf] hUufdf hfg] ljlQs} kqm]/ ;hfO{ lbg] t xf]Og < o;/L z+sf/ ug]{x?n] p;sf] hUufdf ePsf] kfgL lng'eGbf cfsfzaf6 jif{g] kfgLsf] k|ltIff ug{ plrt 7fg] . c? s]xL JolQmn] To; wgL dflg;k|lt z+sf/ ub}{ eljiodf k};f ltg{ nufpF5 ls eGg] 8/n] p;sf] s'/fnfO{ OGsf/ u/] . of] Ogf/sf] kfgL To; zx/df a:g] ;a}sf] nflu l;Q}df pknAw u/fOPsf] ePtf klg Pshgfn] dfq To; Ogf/sf] kfgL k|of]u u/\of] . ;kmn x'g]x?df pgLx? lyP h;n] v8]/Lsf] ;dodf u/LaL / /f]ux?;Fu ;+3if{ ub}{ l:y/ a;] .

[6.5]

Ogf/sf] kfgL ;a}sf] nflu pkxf/ lyof] t/ of] pkxf/ lngsf] nflu 8f]/L, aflN6 / To;nfO{ tn emf/]kl5 kfgL el/G5 eGg] ljZjf;sf] cfjZostf lyof] . afN6L el/;s]kl5 ;txaf6 p7fpg' kYof]{ . cfkm"nfO{ rflxPsf] kfgL lgsfNgsf] nflu . oxfF xfdL b]V5f}+ ljZjf;sf] ;fy 8f]/Lsf] ;xfotfn] afN6L tn nluGYof] / o;nfO{ sfdåf/f p7fOGYof], ljZjf;åf/f afN6L tn emf/] klg olb To;nfO{ p7fpg] sfd gug]{ xf] eg] klg k|fKt x'g] lyPg . To:t} oxfF xfdL b]V5f}+ ljZjf;Lsf] sfd ljgf pkxf/ k|fKt ug{ ;lsb}gYof] . oxL Ogf/sf] kfgL h:t} k/d]Zj/sf] cg'u|x l;Q}df pkxf/ :j?k ;a}nfO{ lbOPsf] 5 . ljZjf; / e/f];f rflxF afN6L / 8f]/L h:t} xf] . logLx? xfdL leqaf6 a9\g' k5{ . afN6LnfO{ tn nfg' / dfly prfNg' eg]sf] leqL ljZjf;sf] aflx/L ?k xf] . ljZjf;sf] ujfxL, k|df0f g} xfdL ljZjf;df ;lqmo x'g' xf] .

[6.6]

k/d]Zj/sf] cg'u|xåf/f x/]s dflg;sf] nflu d'lQm kof{Ko u/fOPsf] 5 . of] pxfFsf] bof, s?0ff / k|]d x/]ssf] nflu l;Q}df lbOPsf] xf] . hxfF cg'u|x zAb k|of]u ul/Psf] 5 To;sf] ;§f d'lQm /fVg ;lsG5 . h;/L cfzf / ljZjf;sf] zAb s/La 5 To;/L g} d'lQm / cg'u|x 5 . o"xGgf #M!^ k/d]Zj/n] ;+;f/nfO{ o:tf] k|]d ug'{ eof] ls pxfFn] cfkm\gf] Psdfq k'q lbg' eof] tfls pxfF dfly ljZjf; ug]{ sf]xL klg gf; gxf];\ t/ To;n] cgGt hLjg kfcf];\ . P"lkm;L @M*–!) cg'u|xaf6 ljZjf;åf/f ltdLx?n] p4f/ kfPsf 5f}+ / of] ltdLx? cfkm}af6 xf]Og of t k/d]Zj/sf] a/bfg xf] . sd{x?åf/f xf]Og gqtf ltdLx?n] 3d08 ug]{ 5f}+ . lsgls xfdL c;n sfdx?sf lglDt lv|i6 o]z"df ;[hgf ul/Psf pxfFsf xftsf] ;Lk xf}+ . xfdL tL adf]lhd lx8f}+ eGg] x]t'n] k/d]Zj/n] klxn]af6} ltt kf/ ug'{ePsf] lyof] .

[6.7]

k/d]Zj/sf] cg'u|x h'g pkxf/ :j?k ;a} dflg;nfO{ lbO ;lsPsf] 5 o;nfO{ s'g} dfgjLo k|of;n] k|fKt ug{ ;lsFb}g . gt o;nfO{ k/d]Zj/n] s'g} dflg;af6 vf]:g' g} x'G5 . /f]dL !!M@( lsgeg] k/d]Zj/sf] a/bfg / af]nfj6 c6n 5g\ . k|]l/t !)M#$ ta kq';n] af]Ng yfn] ;fFRr} g} d b]Vb5' ls k/d]Zj/n] kIfkft ug'{x'Gg .

[6.8]

of] pkxf/ s'g} e]befj lagf ;a} dflg;sf] nflu pknAw u/fOPsf] 5 . h;n] v|Li6 o]z"nfO{ k/d]Zj/sf] dfq k'q x'g'x'G5 elg ljZjf; u5{ cg'u|xaf6 ljZjf;åf/f p;n] of] pkxf/ k|fKt ug{ ;S5 . o"xGgf #M!^ . xfdL cfkm}nfO{ of] s'/f k6s k6s egf}+ ljZjf;åf/f, ljZjf;åf/f, ljZjf;åf/f . xfdLn] cg'u|xåf/f k/d]Zj/af6sf] z'4 pkxf/ ljZjf;åf/f lnPsf 5f}+ . of] s'g} klg cj:yfdf vf]l;g ;Sb}g . of] k|sf/sf] ljZjf; ljgf k/d]Zj/nfO{ v';L kfg{ c;Dej h:t} 5 . k/d]Zj/af6 l;Q}df k|bfg ul/Psf] cg'u|xsf] ;d'Gb|sf] ulx/fO{df k'Ug] Psdfq af6f] oxL xf] . lxa|' !!M^ ljZjf; ljgf k/d]Zj/nfO{ k|zGg kfg{ c;Dej 5 . lsgls hf] k/d]Zj/sf] glhs cfpF5 To;n] k/d]Zj/ x'g'x'G5 / pxfFnfO{ vf]Hg]x?nfO{ pxfFn] k|ltkmn lbg' x'G5 eGg] kSsf ljZjf; ug'{ x'G5 .

[6.9]

o; sfvf ljZjf; dfq Ps ;fwg xf] h;åf/f xfdL k/d]Zj/sf] cg'u|xnfO{ k|fKt ug{ ;S5f}+ . ljZjf; dfq} rfxgf ug]{ xf] eg] klg of] ;a}sf] nflu pknAw 5 . lsgeg] ljZJf; klg k/d]Zj/sf] pkxf/ g} xf] h'g k/d]Zj/sf] argaf6 cfpF5 . /f]dL !)M!& h] ;'lgPsf] 5 To;}af6 ljZjf; cfpF5 . / h] ;'lgG5 Tof] v|Li6sf] k|rf/af6 cfpF5 . @ ltdf]yL #M!% ltdL afNosfnb]lv kljq wd{zf:q;Fu kl/lrt 5f}+ h;n] v|Li6 o]z"df ePsf] ljZjf;åf/f d'lQmsf] lglDt ltdLnfO{ lzIff lbg ;S5 .

[6.10]

ljZjf; k|fKt ug{sf] nflu xfdLn] k/d]Zj/sf] arg ;'Gg} k5{ / kfPsf] cg'ej ug{ k/d]Zj/sf] argnfO{ cWoog dgg ug}{ k5{ . @ ltdf]yL @M!% zdf{pg gkg]{ / ;Tosf] argnfO{ 7Ls;Fu k|of]u ug]{ sfdbf/ h:t} cfkm"n] cfkm"nfO{ k/d]Zj/df u|x0f of]Uo t'Nofpg] e/dUb'/ k|oTg u/ .

[6.11]

olb xfdLn] aflx/L sfgn] dfq k/d]Zj/sf] arg ;'G5f}+ t/ ljZjf;åf/f dgdf lnFb}gf}+ eg] xfdLn] cfkm"nfO{ g} wf]sf lbO/x]sf x'G5f}+ . ;fFrf] ljZjf; hLljt x'G5 / of] k/d]Zj/sf] argk|lt pQ/bfoL x'G5 . ! sf]l/GyL @M% ltdLx?sf] ljZjf; dflgsf] a'l4df xf]Og t/ k/d]Zj/sf] zlQmdf cfwfl/t xf];\ . ofs'j !M@@ arg kfng ug]{ xf]cf], ;'Gg] dfq eP/ cfkm}nfO{ wf]sf gb]cf];\ .

[6.12]

xfd|f] ljZjf;sf] ;fIfL / kl/0ffdn] k/d]Zj/sf] cf1fdf xfd|f] cf1fsfl/tf / sfd b]vfpFb5 . Joj:yfsf] sfd klg xf]Og, z/L/sf] sfd klg xf]Og t/ v|Li6df ljZjf; u/], ljZjf; / k|]daf6 sfdsf] pTkGg x'G5 . ! ly; !M# xfd|f k/d]Zj/sf] ;fd'Gg] xfd|f k|e" o]z" v|Li6df ltgLx?sf ljZjf;sf] sfd, k|]dsf] kl/>d / cfzfsf] w}Go lg/Gt/ ;DemG5f}+ . Plkm;L @M!) lsgls xfdL c;n sfdx?sf lglDt v|Li6 o]z"df ;[hgf ul/Psf pxfFsf xftdf ;Lk xf}+ . xfdL tL adf]lhd lx8f}+ eGg] x]t'n] k/d]Zj/n] klxn]af6} tL tof/ ug'{ePsf] lyof] . ! o'xGgf @M#–$ #= olb xfdLn] pxfFsf cf1fx? kfngf u¥of}+ eg] o;}af6 xfdL yfxf kfpg ;S5f}+ ls xfdL pxfFnfO{ lrGb5f}+ . $= h;n] d pxfFnfO{ lrG5' eG5' t/ pxfFsf cf1fx?, pNn+3g u5{, Tof] em'7f] xf] / To;df ;To 5}g .

[6.13]

ljZjf;sf kmn sfdx? x'g\ / kmn ljgf ljZjf;n] cl:tTjdf km]n vfG5 / ljgf ljZjf; sfdsf] cl:tTj x'Fb}g . To;}n] xfd|f] ;Ifd ;w}+sf] nflu k/d]Zj/sf] cg'u|xdf k'U5 . ofs'j @M!$–@^ !$= d]/f] efO{ xf], olb sf]xL dflg;n] dl;t ljZjf; 5 eG5 t/ sfd rflx ub}{g eg], daf6 s] nfe < s] To;sf] ljZjf;n] To;nfO{ arfpg ;S5 / < !%= olb sf]O efO{ jf alxgL em'q]emfd|] 5, / To;nfO{ lbgx'Fsf] ef]hgsf] ck'u 5 . !^= / ltgLx?dWo] s;}n] To;nfO{ zflGtl;t hfpm, Gofgf] u/L a;, k]6el/ vfp, dfq eG5 t/ To;sf] z/L/nfO{ rflxg] s'/fx? rflxF lb+b}g eg] To;af6 s] nfe x'G5 < !&= o;/L ljZjf; sfddf k|s6 x'Fb}g eg] Tof] ljZjf; dfq xf] . !*= t/ s;}n] eGnf, ltdLx?l;t ljZjf; 5, d]/f rflxF sfdx? 5g\, sfdljgfsf] ltd|f] ljZjf; dnfO{ b]vfp / d}n] u/]sf] sfdåf/f d cfkm\gf] ljZjf; ltdLnfO{ b]vfpF5' . !(= ltdLx? ljZjf; ub{5f}+ ls k/d]Zj/ Pp6} x'g'x'G5 . Tof] c;n xf] . e'tfTdfx? klg ljZjf; ub{5g\ / 3/ 3/ sfD5g\ . @)= d'v{ xf], sfd ljgfsf] ljZjf; Joy{ x'G5 eGg] s'/fsf] k|df0f rfxfG5f} < @!= ha xfd|f k'vf{ ca|fxdn] cfkm\gf 5f]/f O;fOsnfO{ a]bLdf ck{0f u/], ta ltgL sfdåf/f wld{ 7xl/Pgg\ / < @@= ltdLx? b]V5f}+ ls ltgsf sfdx? g} ljZjf;k"0f{ ePsf] lyof] . @#_ kljq zf:qsf] o;f] eGg] arg k'/f eof], ca|fxdn] k/d]Zj/sf ljZjf; u/] / of] pgsf] lglDt wfld{stf ulgof] / pgL k/d]Zj/sf ldq sxlnP . @$_ ltdLx? b]V5f}+ ls sfdåf/f dflg; wfld{s 7xl/Fbf] /x]5, ljZjf;åf/f dfq xf]Og . @%_ To;} u/L /fxft a]Oon] klg ha ltgn] u'Ktr/x?nfo{ ;Tsf/ u/]/ cs}{ af6f] k7fOlbOg\, ta sfdx?af6 ltgL wfld{s 7xl/PsL xf]Ogg\ / < @^_ h;/L z/L/ cfTdb]lv cnu x'Fbf d/]sf] x'G5, To;} u/L ljZjf; klg sfdx?b]lv cnu x'Fbf d/]sf] x'G5 .

[6.14]

cfh w]/} dflg;x? cfkm\gf] cg'u|xnfO{ ljZjf; ljgf g} klG5g vf]H5g\ . ^=!% cg'u|x ;a}sf] nflu 5 / ;a}hgf ljZjf;sf] ;Totfaf6 o;df k|j]z u5{g\ . cg'u|x ;a}sf] nflu lbOPsf] 5 t/ o;df ljZjf;sf] ;DaGw x'G5 eGg] s'/f yfxf ug'{kg]{ x'G5 s;} s;}n] oL s'/fnfO{ yfxf u5{ t/ k/d]Zj/sf] cg'u|xdf ul/Psf] k|lt1f / ;f}efUonfO{ hf]ufpg' lyof] . 8]df];sf] af/]df ;f]Rg'xf];\ -sn:;L $M!$, @ ltdf] $M!)_ cn]Sh]08/ / lxd]Gg; -! ltdf] !M@), @ ltdf] $M!$_ dgdf /fVg'xf];\ -dlQ !)M@@, @$M!#_ kfjnsf] af/]df ;f]Rg'xf];\ -! zd'Pn @*M#–(_

! sf]/]GyL !^M!# ;ts{ /xf], ljZjf;df b[9 eO/xf], ;fxl;nf] ag / ;fdyL{ ag . dQL !)M@@ d]/f] gfpFsf] vflt/ ;a}af6 ltdLx? x'g]5f}, t/ hf] cGTo;Dd l:y/ /xG5, To;}sf] p4f/ x'g]5 . / ug'{xf];\ ls lsg o]z'n] o; ljifodf l;sfpg'eof] < n'sf !$M!^–@$ !^_ t/ pxfFn] To;nfO{ eGg'eof], s'g} Pp6f dflg;n] a]n'sLsf] Pp6f lj/f6\ ef]h tof/ u/\of] / w]/}nfO{ lgDtf] lbof] . !&_ p;n] cfkm\gf] gf]s/nfO{ ef]hg vfg] a]nfdf lgDtf/fx?nfO{ o;f] eGg k7fof], cfpg'xf];\ ca ;ayf]s tof/ 5 . !*_ t/ ltgLx? ;a}n] ;dfg ?kn] Psgf;sf] axfgf agfpg nfu] . klxnfn] To;nfO{ eGof], d}n] Pp6f v]t lsg]sf] 5', dnfO{ Tof] x]g{ hfg'k/]sf] 5 . d ljGtL ub{5', dnfO{ dfkmL xf];\ . !(_ clg csf{n] eGof], d}n] kfFr xn uf]? lsg]sf] 5', d tL x]g{ hfG5', d ljGtL u5'{ dnfO{ dfkmL xf];\ . @)_ csf{n] eGof], d}n] ljjfx u/]sf] 5', o;sf/0f d cfpg ;lSbgF . @!_ ta gf]s/n] cfP/ cfkm\gf] dflnsnfO{ of] s'/f elglbof] ta 3/sf] dflnsn] l/;fP/ cfkm\gf] gf]s/nfO{ eGof], zx/sf ;8sx? / ulNnx?df rfF8f] hf / u/Lax?, n'nfx?, cGwfx?nfO{, nFu8fx?nfO{ leq n] . @@_ ta gf]s/n] eGof], xh'/n] cf1f ug'{ eP adf]lhd sfd ePsf] 5, t/ cem} 7fpF vfnL 5 . @#_ dflnsn] gf]s/nfO{ eGof], d'n ;8sx? / ulNnx? x'Fbf] uP/ dflg;x?nfO{ leq cfpg s/ nuf / d]/f] 3/ el/b]cf];\ . @$_ k/d]Zj/af6 pknAw ePsf] d'lQm / :jLsf/ u/]sf] cg'u|xnfO{ afbljjfb ug{ ;Sb}g . o;df afOjnLo ;Totf / cflTdsL lgZrotf 5 . xfd|f] bfh'efOdf klg o:tf] jfbljjfb x'Fb}g . To; ljifodf xfdL k|s6 x'GYof}+ / sd;]sd xfdL To;sf] ;xdltdf k'UYof}+ . xfdLn] s;/L Tof] l;Q}s/f/sf] ;'/Iff

[6.15]

cg'u|x ;a}sf] nflu 5 / ;a} hgf ljZjf;sf] ;Totfaf6 o;df k|j]z u5{g\, cg'u|x ;a}sf] nflu lbOPsf] 5 t/ o;df ljZjf;sf] ;+aGw x'G5 eGg] s'/fnfO{ yfxf ug{' kg{] x'G5 . s;}–s;}n] of] s'/fnfO{ yfxf u5{ t/ kl5af6 ljZjf;nfO{ TofU5 . o;sf] dtna ltgLx?n] k/d]Zj/sf] cg'u|xdf ul/Psf] k|lt1f / ;f}efUonfO{ hf]ufpg' lyof] . 8]df];sf] af/]df ;f]Rg'xf]\ - sn:;L $M!$, @ ltd]yL $M!) _ cn]Sh]08/ / lxd]gG; - ! ltdf]yL !M@),@ ltdf]yL $M!$ _ dgdf /fVg'xf];\ - dlQ !)M@@, @$M!# _ kfjnsf] af/]df ;f]Rg'xf]; - ! zfd'on @*M#–!( _ ! sf]=!^M!# ;ts{ /xf], laZjf;df b[9 eO/xof], ;fxlznf] ag\ / ;fdfyL{ ag\ . dlQ !)M@@ d]/f] gfpFsf] vflt/ ;a}af6 ltdLx? x'g]5f}+, t/ hf] cGTo;Dd l:y/ /xG5, To;}sf] p4f/ x'g]5 .

[6.16]

cg'u|x sdfOaf6 xf]Og t/ l;t}df k/d]Zj/af6 kfOPsf] pkxf/ xf] h;n] d'lQm NofpF5 / of] u'Dg ;Sb}g / lv|i6sf] cfudgsf] lbg ;Dd ;a} dflg;sf] nflu v'Nnf 5 . ! kq'; !M!# o;sf/0f cfˆgf] dg afFw, ;+odL xfcf] / o]z' lv|i6 k|s6 x'g' x'Fbf ltdLx/ sxfF cfpg nfu]sf] cg'u|xdf ltdLx?sf] cfzf k"0f{ ?kn] /fv .

[6.17]

o; pkfxf/nfO{ k|fkt ug{ Pp6} dfq tl/sf xf] ljZjf; . pbfx0fsf] nflu, lv|i6df xfd|f] ljZjf; . /f]dL %=@ pxfF4f/f o; cg'u|xdf ljZjf;4f/f pxfFdf k|j]z kfPsf 5f}, o; cg'u\xdf xfdL v8f 5f}= / k/d]Zj/sf dlxdfsf] ;xeflu x'g] xfd|f] cfzfdf xfdL /dfpf5f}+ .

[6.18]

cg'u|x ;a}sf] lglDt kof{Kt 5 t/ o;nfO{ k|fKt ug{ xfdLdf ljZjf; x'g}k5{ cyf{t æcg'u|x ljZjf;4f/ cfp5Æ . tkfO{n] cg'u|x u'dfpg ;Sg'x'Gg cyf{t o;n] d'lQm NofoF5 . of] ;+w}el/ kof{Kt 5 t/ tkfO{n] zfjn, 8]df];, cn]Sh]08/n] h:t} cfˆgf] ljZjf; k/d]Zj/df ePsf] ljZjf; / cfzfnfO{ u'dfpg ;Sg'x'G5 . olb o:tf] eof] eg] cfzf ljZjf; lagf cg'u|x k|fKt ug{' c;Dej 5 . k/d]Zj/sf] of] cg'u|x ljZjf;af6 cfpF5 / lagf ljZjf; d'lQm k|s6 x'g ;Sb}g .

[6.19]

cg'u|xaf6 ltdL arfOPsf 5f} . c? sf]xLaf6 xf]Og t/ cg'u|xaf6 g} xfdL arfOPsf 5f} eGg] s'/fdf s'g} z+sf 5}g . k/d]Zj/n] e|i6 dflg;x?nfO{ Ifdf lbP/ ltgLx?nfO{ df}sf lbg] s'/f la:t[t ug{'eof] / ;a}nfO{ pxfFsf] cg'u|x4f/ Ifdf ug{'eof] . of] Ifdf rflx lgDtf] ?kdf ;a}sf] nflu cfP . o'xGgf #M!^ lsgeg] k/d]Zj/n] ;+;f/nfO{ o:tf] k|]d ug{'eof] ls pxfFn] cfˆgf] Ps dfq k'q lbg'eof] . tfsL pxfFdfly ljZjf; ug{] sf]xL klg gfz gxf]; t/ To;n] cgGt hLjg kfcf]; .

[6.20]

dflg;nfO{ cfbf/ ug{] sf]xL 5}g . k/d]Zj/n] of] lgdGq0ff km}nfpg'eof] . pbfx/0fsf] nflu cg'u|x ;a} dflg;sf] nflu 5, To;}n] ;a} dflg;n] pxfFsf] cg'u|xsf] pkef]u ug{ kfpg] eP . k|]l/t !)=#$ o]z'n] ltgLx?nfO{ hjfkm lbg'eof], s] ltdLx?n] Ajj:yfdf o;f] n]lvPsf] 5}g < d}n] eg]F, ltdLx? b]ax? xf} <

[6.21]

o; ljifonfO{ /fd|/L lgisif{ lgsfNg ;lsG5 ls ;a} dflg; cg'u|xaf6 arfOPsf 5g\ / ca d'lQmsf nflu s'g} klg s'/fsf] vfFrf] 5}g . c´} w]/} s'/fx? 5g\ ls æk/d]Zj/n] ;+;f/nfO{ - ;a}nfO{ _ o:tf] k|]d ug{'eof] ls pxfFn] cfˆgf] Ps dfq k'qnfO{ lbg'eof], pxfFdfly ljZjf; ug{] sf]xL klg gfz gxf]; t/ To;n] cgGt lhjg kfcf]; .Æ To;n] cg'u|x ljZjf;af6 cfpF5 - pbfx/0f–laZjf;af6 d'lQm _ . s'g} s'/fdfly laZjf; ug{ xfdLn] slxNo} klg s'g} cfjZos ljZjf;÷e/f];f b]v]sf 5}gf} .

[6.22]

lagf ;fFrf] ljZjf; k/d]Zj/nfO{ v'zL t'Nofpg' c;Dej 5 . cg'u|x l;t}+sf] j/bfg ´} ;a}sf] nflu cfP eGg] s'/f k"0f{ ?kn] :ki6 5 . k/d]Zj/n] lbg'ePsf] lgdGq0ffnfO{ :jLsf/ ug{' kYof{], :jLsf/ u/]g eg] To:tf] vfnsf] pkxf/ sf] kmfObfsf] dxz'; slxNo} ug{ kfpg] 5}g . o'xGgf #M!% h;n] pxfFdfly ljZjf; u5{ gfz x'g] 5}g t/ To;n] cgGt hLjg kfpg]5 .

[6.23]

Pp6f s'/fsf] sNkgf ug{'xf]; ls tkfO{sf Ps hgf ;fyLn] s]xL b'/L 6f9fsf] a}sdf tkfO{sf] gfddf bz nfv ?k}of k7fOlbof] . ;fyLn] 7§f ub{}5 / slxNo} klg oL s'/f kl5 ;f]lwg] 5}g eg]/ tkfO{ kl/lIft x'g ;lsG5 . ;fob e/f];fsf] cefjn] ltdL ljZjf; ug{ c;dy{ eof} eP klg pxfFdfly e/f];f ug{ g;s]s} sf/0f ltdL4f/ of] ;'gf}n] ca;/ slxNo} bfaL ul/g] 5}g / ltdLn] o;sf] kmfObfsf] af/]df slxNo} dxz'; ug{] 5}gf}+ . pkxf/ klxn] g} /flvPsf] lyof], of] l;t}+df lyof] / o;sf] tkfO{sf] hLjg / ltgLx?sf]f hLjg – h;n] tkfOnfO{ dfof u5{g\ _ k/Ljt{g u/fPsf] x'g ;S5 t/ tkfO{ o;nfO{ bfaL ug{'df km]n x'g'eof] . dflg; hfltsf] lglDt k/d]Zj/af6sf] d'lQmsf] pkxf/ klg o:t} xf] . k/d]Zj/af6sf] d'lQmsf] pkxf/ klg o:t} xf] . k/d]Zj/sf] l;t}sf] a/bfg ;a}sf] nflu kof{Kt 5 t/ o;nfO{ ;'/lIft /fVg, bfjL ug{ ljZjf;sf] cfjZostf kb{5 . 7"nf] ef]hsf] b[i6fGtnfO{ ljrf/ ug{'xf]; ls lsg o]z'n] o;nfO{ l;sfpg' eof] . n'sf !$M!^–@$ !^= t/ pxfFn] To;nfO{ eGg'eof], æs'g} Pp6f dflg;n] a]n'sLsf] Pp6f lj6 ef]h tof/ uØf] / w]/}nfO{ lgDtf] lbof] . !&= p;n] cfˆgf] gf]s/nfO{ ef]hg vfg] a]nfdf lgDtf/fx?nfO{ o;f] eGg k7fof], cfpg'xf], ca ;ayf]s tof/ 5 .Ú !*= t/ ltgLx? ;a}n] ;dfg?kn] Psgfzsf] axfgf agfog nfu] . klxnfn] eGof], …d}n] Pp6f v]t lsg]sf] 5', dnfO{ Tof] x]g{ hfg' k/]sf] 5, d laGtL u5{' , dnfO{ dfkmL xf]; .Ú !(=clg csf{]n] eGof], …d}n] kfFr xn uf]? lsg]sf] 5' , d tL x]g{ hfG5' . d laGtL u5{' , dnfO{ dfkmL xf];\ .Ú @)= csf]{n] eGof], …d}n] laafx u/]sf] 5' , o;sf/0f d cfpg ;lSbg .Ú @!= ta gf]s/n] cfP/ cfˆgf] dflnsnfO{ of] s'/f elglbof] . ta 3/sf] dflnsn] l/;fP/ cfˆgf] gf]s/nfO{ eGof], …zx/sf ;8sx? / uNnLx?df rfF8f] hf, / ul/ax?, n'nfx?,cGwfx?nfO{, nª\u8fx?nfO{ oxfF leq n] .Ú @@= ta gf]s/n] eGof], …xh'/n] cf1f u/] adf]lhd ePsf] 5 . t/ c´} 7fpF vfnL 5 .Ú @#= dflnsn] gf]s/nfO{ eGof], …d'n ;8sx? / uNnLx? x'bf] uP/ dflg;x?nfO{ leq cfpg s/ nuf d]/f] 3/ el/cf]; .Ú @$= lsgeg] d ltdLx?nfO{ eGb5' , lgDtf/fx?dWo] s;}n] klg d]/f] ef]hsf] :jfb rfVg kfpg] 5}g .Ú

[6.24]

k/d]Zj/af6 pknAw ePsf] d'lQm / :jLsf/ u/]sf] cg'u|xnfO{ afbljjfb ug{ ;Sb}g . o;df afOalno ;Totf / cflTdsL lgZrotf 5 . xfd|f] bfHo" efOdf o:tf] afbljjfb x'Fb]}g . To; ljifodf xfdL k|s6 x'GYof] / sd;]sd xfdL To;sf] ;xdltdf k'UYof}+ . s;/L xfdLn] Tof] l;Q}sf] cfxf/ k|fKt ug{ ;S5f}+ < o;nfO{ kfpg xfdLn] vftf vf]Ng'k5{ / xfdLn] ljZjf; ug{} k5{ ls Tof] ToxfF 5 . xfd|f] laZjf; k};f l´Sg] cfwf/ h:t} xf] h;n] xfd|f] hDdf ePsf] pkfxf/nfO{ l´Sg ;S5f}+ . k};f lemSg] sf8{ eg]sf] s] xf] t eGbf ljZjf; xf], clg ljZjf; s] xf] t eGbf cfZff /flvPsf] t/ gb]lvPsf] s'/fnfO{ k|fKt ug{] lgZrotf xf] . n'sf !!M! ca laZjf; rflx cfzf /flvPsf] s'/fsf] lgZrotf / gb]lvPsf] b[9 e/f];f xf] .

[6.25]

cfzf s] sf nflu < d'lQmsf] nflu . /f]dL *M@$ lsgsL cfzfdf xfdLn] d'lQm kfPsf lyof}+ . ca blvg] cfzf t cfzf g} xf]Og, lsgsL b]v]sf s'/f]sf] cfzf s;n] u5{ < ltt; @M!# xfd|f] wGosf] cfzf xfd|f] dxfg k/d]Zj/ / d'lQmbftf o]z' lv|i6sf] dlxdfsf] cfudgsf] xfdL k|lt1f ubf{5f}+ .

[6.26]

gb]v]sf] eg]sf] s] xf] < o]z'sf] klxnf] cfudgsf] zfl//Ls k|df0f pxfFsf] zfl//Ls pkfl:yt h;n] pxfFnfO{ z/L/df b]v] t/ ltgLx? df´ xfdL lyPgf}+ . o'xGg @)M@( o]z'n] ltgnfO{ eGg'eof], ltdLn] dnfO{ b]v]sf sf/0fn] ddfly ljZjf; u/]sf xf} . wGo x'g\ ltgLx? h;n] dnfO{ b]v]sf 5}gg\ / klg ljZjf; u5{g\f .

[6.27]

zfl//Ls k|df0f lagfsf] s'/fnfO{ :jLsf/ ug{' ;fFrf] laZjf;sf] :yfkgf ug{' xf] . laZjf; k/d]Zj/sf] s'jfsf] hLpbf] kfgLaf6 lg:sG5 . h'g ljZjf; k/d]Zj/sf] jrg ;'gfOaf6 cfpF5 . /f]dL !)M!& h] ;'lgPsf] 5, To;]af6 ljZjf; cfp5 / h] ;'lgG5 , Tof] lv|i6sf] k|rf/af6 cfpF5 . @ ltdf]yL #M!% ltdL afNofsfnb]lv kljq wd{zf:q;+u kl/lrt 5f}, h;n] lv|i6 o]z'df ePsf] ljZjf;4f/ d'lQmsf] lglDt ltdLnfO{ lzIff lbg ;S5 .

[6.28]

To;}n] cg'u|x k/d]Zj/af6 k|z:t cfpF5 t/ xfdLn] ;'–;dfrf/df ljZjf; ug{'kg{] x'G5 . k/d]Zj/af6sf] zlQm kfpg / pxfFsf] 5f]/fx? x'g xfdLn] ;';dfrf/ ljZjf; ug{} k5{ . o'xGgf !M!@ hltn] pxfFnfO{ u|x0f u/] / pxfFsf] gfpFdfly laZjf; u/] , pxfFn] ltgLx?nfO{ k/d]Zj/sf ;Gtfg x'g] clwsf/ lbg'eof] .

[6.29]

laZjf;nfO{ Aojl:yt ug{' kg{] x'G5 . lsgsL s]xL ;dosf] nflu laZjf; u/]/ ktg x'g ;S5 . zfjn / 8]df];sf] af/]df ;f]Rg'xf]; . ! zd'on @*M!@–!^ !@= ha zd'Pn lg:s]sf To; :qLn] b]lv ta To;n] lrRofP/ zfpnnfO{ eg], ætkfO{n] dnfO{ lsg wf]sf lbg' eof] < tkfO{ zfpn g} x'g'x'bf]/x]5 .Æ !#= /fhfn] To;nfO{ eg], æ g8/fcf], ltdL s] b]Vb}5f} <Æ To; :qln] hjfkm lbO , æ hldgaf6 lg:s]/ cfO/x]sf] Pp6f k|]t cfTdf b]Vb}5' .Æ !$= pgn] ;f]w], æTof] s:tf] 5 <Æ To;n] elg, ævf:6f] cf]9]sf] Pp6f a[4 dflg; dfly lg:sb} 5 .Æ ta ltgn] zd'Pn g} x'g\ elg zfpnnfO{ yfxf eof] . elg pgn] 3f]K6f] kf/]/f ;i6fË b08jt u/] . !%= zd'Pnn] zfpnnfO{ eg], æd]/f] zflGtnfO{ ltdLN] lsg e+u u/]/ dnfO{ dfly Nofof} <Æ zfpnn] hjfkm lbP, ædnfO{ 7"nf] ;+s6df k/]sf] 5 . klnl:ytLx?n] dnfO{ k]ln/x]sf] 5g\, / k/d]Zj/n] dnfO{ TofUg'ePsf] 5, pxfFn] g t cudaQmf4f/ g bz{g4f/f dnfO{ hjfkm lbg'x'G5 . s] ug{' kg{] ;f] dnfO{ atfOlbg'xf]; egL d}n] tkfO{nfO{ af]nfPsf] x'F .Æ !^= zd'pnn] eg], æk/dk|e'n] ltdLnfO{ TofUg'ePsf] 5 / pxfF ltd|f] la/fwL x'g'ePsf] 5 eg], ltdL dnfO[ ;f]wk'5 u5f} . @ ltdf]yL $M!) lsgsL 8]df];n] o; at{dfg ;++;f/nfO{ k|]d ul/ dnfO{ Tofu] / ly:nf]lgsLdf uP/ a;]sf] 5 . s|];]G; uflnndf uPsf 5g\ . ltt; rflx bfndf]lgofdf .

[6.30]

lv|i6 cfkm}n] lap 5g{]sf] pvfgaf6 lzIff lbg' eof] – n'sf *M!# _ n'sf *M!# 9'ªu]gL hldgdf kg{] rflx ltgLx? x'g]\ h;n] arg ;'g]/ v';L ;fy u|x0f t/ ltgsf] h/f x'Fb}gg\ / s]lx ;dosf] nflu ltgLx?n] ljZjf; u5{g t/ kl/Iffsf] a]nfdf ltgLx? ktg\ x'G5g\ .

[6.31]

pxfFsf] lzIffnfO{ OGsf/ ug{' eg]sf] lv|i6sf] cfˆg} jrg / wd{zf:qdf lbOPsf] k|df0fsf] la/f]w ug{' xf] . olb ljZjf; k/d]Zj/sf] argaf6 cfp5 eg] xfd|f] xnrn ePsf] ljZjf;, d'lQmsf] nflu /flvPsf] 8/, / l;t}sf] a/bfg lgif]w ug{] af6f]x? b]vfpgsf] nflu afOan cWofg ug{' kb{5 . @ ltdf]yL @M!% zdf{pg gkg{] / ;Tosf] argnfO{ 7Ls;+u k|of]u ug{] sfdbf/ h:t} cfkm'n] cfkm'nfO{ k/d]Zj/df u|x0fof]Uo t'Nofpg] e/dUb'/ k|oTg u/ . lkmlnKkL @M!@ o;sf/0f d]/f lk|o xf], h;/L ltdLx?n] ;w} cf1f kfng u/]sf 5f}, d]/f] pkl:yltdf dfq u/] h:tf] xf]Og t/ ca ´g a9L d]/f] cg'kl:yltdf 8/ / sDk ;fy ltdLx?sf] cfˆgf] d'lQmsf] k"/f ug{ kl/>d u/ . /f]dL !!M@) l7s} xf], ltgLx?sf] cljZjf;n] ubf{ g} xfFufx? sfl6Psf x'g\ . ltdLx? rflx ltd|f] ljZjf;n] dfq v8f 5f}+ . 3d08 gu/, t/ >4fk"0f{ eo /fv .

[6.32]

lv|i6;+usf] ;DaGw 7Ls /fVg] lhDd]jf/L xfd|f] xf] . o; sfddf 8]df]; km]n eP, cn]Sh]08/ km]n eP / xfdL klg pgLx? h:t} km]n eof}+ eg] cflTdsL d[To"df k'Ug]5f} . ofs'a %M!(–@) !(= d]/f efO xf], olb ltdLx?dWo] sf]xL d[To"af6 a/flnP/ hfFbf s;}n] To;nfO{ lkm/fP/ Noof}+ eg] , @)= To;n] ls h;n] Ps hgf kfkLnfO{ To;sf] s'dfu{af6 lkm/fP/ NofpF5, To;nfO{ d[To"af6 arfOg]5 / c;+Vof kfknfO{ 9fSg] 5 . /f]dL ^M@# kfksf] Hofnf d[To" xf] t/ k/d]Zj/sf] l;t}sf] a/bfg lv|i6 o]z' xfd|f k|e'df cgGt hLjg xf] .

[6.33]

alnof] ljZjf;df g} cf:yf lglxt ePsf] x'G5 . w]/} hgf o:tf AolQmx? klg cfP h;n] d'lQmsf] lglDt dfgjLo 1fg / Ifdtfsf] cfwf/df lv|i6df ljZjf; ug{' g} k|z:t xf] elg l;sfP . pgLx?n] e'naz of] ;f]lr/x]sf] 5g\ ls afOannfO{ ;fdfGo ;dy{g ug{' g} ljZjf; ug{' xf] . 8]df];n] klg ljZjf; u/] t/ pgsf] ljZjf; lv|i6 o]z'df hu a;flnPsf] lyPg . lv|i6 o]z' cl:tTjdf x'g'x'G5 elg ljZjf' ug{' Pp6f s'/f xf] eg] lv|i6 o]z'df ljZjf; ug{' csf]{ s'/f xf] . ljz]; ul/ …ljZjf;Ú nfO{ ulx/]/ a'‰g] ;jfndf ofs'asf] k':tsdf n]v] ´} xfdL wf]sfdf kg{'x'Gg . ofs'a @M!$–@^ !$= d]/f efO xf], olb sf]xL dflg;n] ædl;t ljZjf; 5Æ eG5, t/ sfd rflx ub{}g eg], o;af6 s] nfe< s] To;sf] ljZjf;n] To;nfO{ arfpg ;S5 / < !%= olb sf]xL efO jf alxgL em'q]emfd|] 5 / To;nfO{ lbgx'F ef]hgsf] ck'u 5 . !^= / ltdLx?dWo] s;}n] To;nfO{ æzflGt;+u hfp, Gofgf] ;+u a;, k]6 el/ vfpmÆ dfq eG5 / To;sf] z/L/nfO{ rflxg] s'/fx? lbb}gg\ eg] To;af6 s] nfe x'G5 / < !&= o;/L ljZjf; klg sfddf k|s6 x'b}g eg] Tof] ljZjf; d[t xf] . !*= t/ s;}n] eGnf, æltdLl;t ljZjf; 5, d]/f rflx sfdx? 5g\ . sfdlagfsf] ltd|f] ljZjf; dnfO{ b]vfp / d}n] u/]sf] sfd4f/ d cfˆgf] ljZjf; ltdLnfO{ b]vfpg]5' .Æ !(= ltdLx? ljZjf; ub{5f} ls k/d]Zj/ Pp6} x'g'x'G5 Tof] c;n xf] . e'tfTdfx? klg ljZjf; u5{g\ t/ y/y/ sfD5g\ . @)= d'v{ xf], sfdlagfsf] laZjf; Aoy{x'G5 eGg] s'/fsf] k|df0f rfxfG5f}+ < @!= ha xfd|f] k'vf{ ca|fxfdn] cfˆgf] 5f]/f] O;fxs nfO{ a]bLdf ck{0f u/], ta ltgL sfd4f/ wdL{ 7xl/Pgg\ / < @@= ltdL b]Vb5f}, ls ltgsf sfdx? ;+u;+u} ljZjf; ls|olzn lyof], / sfd4f/ g} ljZjf; k'0f{ ePsf] lyof] . @#= klaq wd{zf:qsf] o;f] eGg] jrg k'/f eof], æca|fxfdn] k/d]Zj/df ljZjf; u/] / of] pgsf] lglDt wfld{stf ulgof] / pgL k/d]Zj/sf ldq sxlnP . @$= ltdLx? b]Vb5f} ls sfd4f/ dflg; wdL{ 7xl/bf] /x]5 ljZjf;4f/f dfq xf]Og . @%= o;} ul/ /fxfa Af]Zofn] klg ha ltgn] u'Ktrf/x?nfO{ ;Tsf/ u/]/ cs{} af6f] k7fOlbOg\, ta sfdx?af6 ltgL wdL{ 7xl/PsL xf]Ogg\ / < @^= h;/L zl// cfTdfblv cnu x'Fbf d/]sf] x'G5, To;} ul/ ljZjf; klg sfdx?blv cnu xFbf d/]sf] x'G5 .

[6.34]

oxfF s]lx d'Vo] a'Fbfx? 5g\ . k/d]Zj/sf] cg'u|x sa'n ul/;lsPsf] s'/f xf] . of] slxNo} klg k/d]Zj/n] lkmtf{ lng'x'Gg . @ ltdf]yL @M!# xfdL cljZjf;L 5f}+ eg] pxfF ljZjf;of]Uo /xg'x'g]5, lsgsL pxfFn] cfkm}+nfO{ OGsf/ ug{ ;Sg'x'Gg . /f]dL !!M@( lsgsL k/d]Zj/sf af]nfj6 / a/bfg c6n 5g\ .

[6.35]

k/d]Zj/sf] cg'u|x u'dfpg ;Sb}g . hLjgsf] clGtd ;f; ;Dd} pxfFsf] lgdGq0ff oyfjt ;xG5 t/ xfdLn] ljZjf; u'dfpg ;S5f}+, h;4f/ k/d]Zj/sf] cg'u|x cfp5 . of] s'/fnfO{ xfdLn] cufl8 s} kf7df :ki6 kfl/;s]sf 5f}+ .

[6.36]

s;/L s'g} JolQmn] d'lQm u'dfpg ;S5 < olb p;n] z+sf uØf]{ / ljZjf;af6 kl5 x6\of] eg] dfq d'lQm u'D5 . ;Totfaf6 kl5 x6]/ o;nfO{ k|:t't ug{ ;lsG5 h'grflx lv|i6 o]z'sf] ;';fdfrf/ / hLjgnfO{ :j–OR5fn] OGsf/ u/]/ dfq xf] . ! kq'; !M(–!! ltdLx?sf ljZjf;sf] k|ltkmn:j?k ltdLx?n] cfˆgf] cfTdf] d'lQm kfpF5f}+ . ltdLx?sf lglDt x'g cfpg] cg'u|xsf] ljifodf cudjf0fL af]Ng] cudjQmfx?n] oxL d'lQmsf] vf]hL / tnfz u/]sf lyP . ltgLx?leq x'g'ePsf v|Li6sf] cfTdfn] v|Li6sf si6x? / To;kl5 cfpg] dlxdfsf] eljZojf0fL ug{'x'Fbf b]vfpg'ePsf] ;do / kl/l:yltsf] af/]df ltgLx?n] vf]hL u/]sf lyP . @ kq'; #M!& o;sf/0f lk|o xf], cl3af6} oL s'/f hfg]/ xf]l;of/ /xf], b'i6 dflg;x?sf] e'n s'/fdf cndlnP/ cfˆgf] l:y/tf gu'dfcf] . ! sf]l/GyL !%M!–@ efO xf], d}n] ltdLx?nfO{ k|rf/ u/]sf] ;';dfrf/ d ltdLx?nfO{ ofb lbnfpg rfxfG5', h'g ;';dfrf/ ltdLx?n] u|x0f uØf}{ / h;df ltdLx? l:y/ /xG5f}+ . o; ;';dfrf/ 4f/f ltdLx?sf] p4f/ ePsf] 5 , olb To;df ltdLx? c6n /x\of} eg], gqtf ltdLx?n] Joy}df ljZjf; uØf} .

[6.37]

k/d]Zj/sf] jrgaf6 pxfFsf] cg'u|xnfO{ kl/eflift ug{ s'g} d'l:snsf] s'/f xf]Og t/ o;nfO{ ljZjf; ug{] s'/fsf] ;DaGwdf s'/f ug{' d'Vo] s'/f xf] . lsgsL ha;Dd xfdL zl//df /xG5f} ta;Dd xfdL v|Li6df ePsf] sf/0f xfdLdfly lhDd]jf/L 5 . Tof] eg]sf] sfd4f/f xfdL]n] k/d]Zj/sf] cg'u|x / ljZjf;nfO{ bl/nf];+u ks|]/ /fVg' xf] . ^=#& sf] afFsL ofs'j !M@@–@% @@= t/ arg kfng ug]{ xf]cf] / ;'Gg] dfq eP/ cfkm}nfO{ wf]/0f gb]pm . @#= s'g} dflg;n] arg ;'G5 t/ kfng ub}{g eg] Tof] Pp6f o:tf] dflg; h:tf] x'G5, h;n] cfkm\gf] cg'xf/ P]gfdf x]5{ . @$= lsgls To;n] cfkm}nfO{ x]5{ / uOxfN5 / Tof] cfkm} s:tf] lyof], Tof] t'?Gt} ljl;{xfN5 . @%= t/ Tof] dflg; h;n] :jtGqtf lbg] z'4 Joj:yfnfO{ x]b{5 / To;}df nflu/xG5 clg ;'g]/ ljl;{xfNg] xf]Og t/ sfd ug]{ klg x'G5, To;n] rflxF cfkm"n] u/]sf] sfddf cflzif kfpg]5 .

[6.38]

v|Li6df x'g'sf] dtna s] xf] < olb xfdL pxfF h:t} wfld{stfdf lx8\5f}+ eg] xfdL pxfFdf 5f}+ . pxfFnfO{ k5\ofO/x]sf 5f}+ . o'xGgf !M& t/ pxfF Hof]ltdf x'g'eP em}+ olb xfdL klg Hof]ltdf lx8\5f}+ eg] Pp6f csf{l;t xfd|f] ;+ult x'G5 / pxfFsf k'q o]z'sf] /utn] xfdLnfO{ ;a} kfkaf6 z'4 kfb{5 .

[6.39]

olb xfdL afws aG5f}+ / aflx/L ?kdf dfq ljZjf; u5f}{ eg] xfdLn] Ifdf dfUg'k5{ . ! o'xGgf !M( olb xfdLn] cfkm\gf kfkx? :jLsf/ u/\of}+ eg] pxfFn] kfkx? Ifdf ug'{x'G5 / ;a} cwd{af6 xfdLnfO{ z'4 kfg{'x'G5, lsgls pxfF ljZjf;of]Uo / wdL{ x'g'x'G5 . [6.40]

olb xfdLn] pxfFn] tof/ u/]sf] af6f]nfO{ 5f]8]/ cfkm\g} af6f] nfUof}+ eg] xfdL bf]ifL 7xl/g]5f}+ . xfdLn] pxfFsf] OR5f ljkl/t cfkm\g} OR5fdf nflu/xg] sfd ug'{ x'Fb}g . olb xfdLn] To;f] u5f}+ eg] xfd|f] d'lQmnfO{ xfdLn] hf]lvddf kf5f}{+ / k/d]Zj/sf] k|lt1fdf glhPsf] / pxfFsf] cg'u|xnfO{ nTofPsf] sf/0fn] xfdL vt/fdf k5f}{+ .

[6.41]

o;sf] dtna s] xfdL pxfFsf] cg'u|xeGbf aflx/ 5f}+ < xf]Og, xfdL;Fu pxfFsf] cg'u|x t ;w}+sf] nflu 5 . of] cj:yfdf olb xfdLn] af/af/ k/d]Zj/sf] cg'u|xnfO{ nTofpF5f}+ eg] xfdLdflysf] cg'u|x k6s k6s nTofpF5f}+ eg] xfdL klg ;'/lIft x'g]5}gf}+ . olb xfdLnfO{ pxfFsf] cfjZostf 5}g elg 7fG5f}+ eg] pxfFsf] pkl:yltnfO{ dx;'; ug{ ;Sb}gf}+ / pxfFnfO{ Joy{ 7fGg' xfd|f] cfTd d/]t'No x'g' . @ y]; @M!)–!@ !)= / gfz x'g]x?nfO{ 5ndf kfg]{ ;d:o b'i6 ;lxt cfpg]5 lsgls ltgLx?n] ;TonfO{ k|]d ug{ / To;/L afFRg OGsf/ u/] . !!= o;}sf/0f ltgLx?n] em'7f s'/fdf ljZjf; u?g\ eg]/ k/d]Zj/n] ltgLx?dfly Ps zlQmzfnL e|d k7fpg'x'G5 . !@= tfls ;Todfly ljZjf; gug]{ t/ cwld{stfdf cfgGb egfpg] ;a}hgf bf]ifL 7xl/pg\ . k|:yfg ##M!( pxfFn] eGg'eof], æd t]/} ;fd'Gg] d]/f] ;f/f >]i7tf b]vfpg]5' / t]/} ;fd'Gg] k/dk|e' gfpFsf] 3f]if0ff ug]{5' . h;nfO{ d cg'u|x ug{ rfxfG5', To;nfO{ d cg'u|x ug]{5' . h;nfO{ d s[kf b]vfpg rfxG5', To;nfO{ d s[kf b]vfpg]5' .

/f]kL !M!%–!* !%= o;}n] ;s];Dd ltdL /f]ddf x'g]x?nfO{ klg ;';dfrf/ k|rf/ ug{ d pT;'s 5' . !^= lsgls ;';dfrf/;Fu d zdf{pFlbg . lsgeg] ljZjf; ug]{ k|To]ssf d'lQmsf] lglDt / cGo hfltx?sf lglDt klg . !&= lsgls ;';dfrf/df k/d]Zj/af6 cfpg] wfld{stf k|s6 ePsf] 5, Tof] wfld{stf hf] rflxF ;Dk"0f{ ?kn] ljZjf;åf/f g} cfpF5 . o:tf] n]lvPsf] 5, wld{ rflxF ljZjf;åf/f g} lhpg]5 . !*= k/d]Zj/sf qmf]w tL dflg;x?sf ;f/f elQmlxgtf / b'i6tfsf] lj?4 :ju{af6 k|s6 ePsf] 5, h;n] ;TonfO{ ltgLx?sf cwd{n] bjfO/fv]sf 5g\ .

sn:;L @M* Wofg b]cf], ls s;}n] bz{gzf:q / vf]qmf] 5nåf/f ltdLx?nfO{ lzsf/ gagfcf];\, hf] v|Li6sf cg';f/ xf]Ogg\ t/ dflg;sf] k/Dk/f / ljZjf;sf cfwf/e"t l;4fGtx?dfly cl8Psf 5g\ .

[6.42]

s;/L xfdL k/d]Zj/nfO{ Jofy{ elg ;f]Rg ;S5f}+ < k/d]Zj/sf] cg'u|xdfly ljZjf; gu/L pxfFsf] cg'u|xnfO{ nTofpg' g} pxfFnfO{ Jofy{ 7fGg' xf] .

[6.43]

h;/L xfdL v|Li6nfO{ k5\ofpgdf afwf cK7\of/f] dfG5f}, v|Li6 aflx/ eO{ lhpg] sf]lzif u5f}{ eg] ca p;f] xfdL v|Li6nfO{ k|]d ub}{gf}+ / pxfFsf] cf1f klg dfGb}gf}+ . pxfFdf /xFb}gf}+ klg . ca xfdL k/d]Zj/sf] cg'u|xnfO{ u'dfPsf 5f}+ .

[6.44]

olb ljZjf;sf] cg'kl:yltdf ;f+;fl/s Ifl0fs cfgGb lbG5 eg] cf1fstf{n] k|]d / wfld{stf pTkGg u/fPF5 . xfdLnfO{ yfxf 5, ljZjf; ljgf k/d]Zj/nfO{ v';L kfg{ c;Dej 5 . ha xfdLdf ljZjf; cfpF5 pxfFk|ltsf] cf1fsfl/tf ;]jfn] b]vfpF5 ls xfdLn] ljZjf; ub{5f}+ . of] k|df0f ljz]if u/L xfdL v|Li6Lo hgx?df cfk\mgf] cfr/0fåf/f b]lvg] s'/f xf] .

[6.45]

dQL @@M$) ta /fhfn] ltgLx?nfO{ hjfkm lbP/ eGg]5g\, ;fFRr} d ltdLx?nfO{ eGb5', ltdLx?n] d]/f oL efOx?dWo] ;a}eGbf ;fgfdf PshgfnfO{ h] hlt u/\of}, Tof] ltdLx?n] dnfO{ g} u/\of} .

! o'xGgf @M#– #= olb xfdLn] pxfFsf cf1fx? kfng u/\of} eg] o;}af6 xfdL yfxf kfpg ;S5f}+ ls xfdL pxfFnfO{ lrGb5f}+ . $= h;n] d pxfFnfO{ lrG5' eG5 t/ pxfFsf cf1fx? pNn+3g u5{, Tof] em'7f] xf] / To;df ;To 5}g .

[6.46]

cg'u|x / d'lQm sfdåf/f kfpg] xf]Og . e]8fx?nfO{ cl3 g} 5fk nufO;s]sf] 5, pkfxf/ klxn] g} lbO;lsPsf] 5 . ljZjf;Låf/f ul/g] ljZjf;nfO{ a9fpg] sfd xf] . of] pgLx?sf] hLjgujfxL xf] . pgLx?sf] ljZjf;sf] k|df0f pgLx?sf] ;]jf xf] / pgLx? wf]sfdf kg]{ 5}gg\ . l;sfPsf] k|df0fsf] lsg dxTj 5g\ eGbf ljZjf;åf/f dfq k/d]Zj/sf] l;Q}sf] a/bfg, cg'u|x k|fKt x'G5 . of] s'/fnfO{ ofb ug'{k5{ ls cg'u|x ljZjf;åf/f cfpF5, c? s'g} s'/fåf/f xf]Og .

[6.47]

ljZjf;, ;';dfrf/, ;Gb]zsf] dxTj :ki6 5 . k/d]Zj/n] cfkm\gf] cg'u|x ljZjf; ug]{x? ;a}nfO{ kof{Kt u/fOlbg' ePsf] 5 . ljZjf; k/d]Zj/sf] argsf] ;'g'jfO{af6 cfpF5 . Tof] ;';dfrf/ ;Gb]z xf] . ljZjf; aflx/L zf/Ll/s sfgn] ;'g]/ cfpg] xf]Og t/ leqL cfTdLsL sfgn] klg ;'Gg' cfjZos 5 . xfdLnfO{ yfxf 5 ls h'g;'s} s'/fnfO{ k|ltlqmof lbFbf lnFbf xfd|f] cflTds sfgåf/f ;'lgPsf] sf/0fn] ePsf] 5 .

/f]dL !)M!& h] ;'lgPsf] 5, To;}af6 ljZjf; cfpF5 / h] ;'lgG5 Tof] v|Li6sf] k|rf/af6 cfpF5 . ofs'j !M@@ t/ arg kfng ug]{ xf]cf] / ;'Gg] dfq eP/ cfkm}nfO{ wf]vf gb]pm .

[6.48]

olb xfdLn] aflx/L sfgn] dfq ;'G5f}+ t/ kfng ub}{gf}+ eg] xfdLn] cfkm}nfO{ wf]sf lbG5f}+ . To;}sf/0f xfdLx? Jojxfl/s ?kdf ug]{x? aGg'k5{ . sfd dfq u5f}{ eg] To;sf] s'g} cy{ 5}g, t/ x/]s sfd ljZjf;lxt u5f}{ eg] To;df k/d]Zj/sf] cg'u|x /xg]5 . ljZjf;ljgf k/d]Zj/ v';L x'g'x'Gg . ljZjf;ljgf cg'u|xsf] a/bfg;Fu klg s]xL x'Fb}g . olb xfdLn] s'g} ljp /f]Kof}+ t/ Tof] pd|]g eg] hfGg'k5{ ls To;sf] ljp d/]sf] sf/0f pd|]g . ljZjf; klg o:t} xf] .

[6.49]

xfd|f] x[bodf /f]lkPsf] ljp k/d]Zj/sf] arg xf] . olb ljp afFRb5 eg] o;n] /f]lkPsf] 7fpFaf6 hLjg z'? ub{5 . ljpsf] cfo eg]sf] o:t} xf] ls xfdLn] h;/L lhpF5f}+ xfd|f] ljZjf;sf] kmn b]lvb} uPsf] x'G5 .

[6.50]

k|]d ! o'xGgf $M!^ o;/L xfdLk|lt ePsf] k/d]Zj/sf] k|]d xfdL hfGb5f]+ / ljZjf; u5f}{ . cf1fsfl/tf -! o'xGgf_ @M#–$ #= olb xfdLn] pxfFsf cf1fx? kfng u/\of} eg] o;}af6 xfdL yfx kfpg ;S5}+ ls xfdL pxfFnfO{ lrGb5f}+ . $= h;n] d pxfFnfO{ lrG5' eG5 t/ pxfFsf cf1fx? pNn+3g u5{, Tof] em'7f] xf] / To;df ;To 5}g . wfld{stf -! o'xGgf @M@(_ pxfF wfld{s x'g'x'G5 eGg] s'/f olb ltdLx?n] hfGof}+ eg] of] s'/f ltdLx?nfO{ lgZro xf];\ ls wfld{s sfd ug]{ x/]s k/d]Zj/af6 hGd]sf] x'G5 .

[6.51]

cg'u|x cg'u|xdf xfdL s:tf] k|efj kfpg ;S5f}+ < o;nfO{ xfdLn] atfPsf xf]Ogf}+ . o;nfO{ 36fpg] a9fpg], 5f]6\ofpg] / kl/jt{g ug]{ clwsf/ xfdL;Fu 5}g . of] a? pkxf/ h:t} h] xf], ToxL xf] . cg'u|x k/d]Zj/n] lbg] s'/f xf] / o; ;DaGwL ;a} clwsf/ k/d]Zj/;Fu g} x'G5 . olt xf] ls pxfFsf] cg'u|x ;a}sf] nflu pknAw 5 . / of] ljZjf;åf/f dfq lng ;lsG5 . ha xfdLnfO{ yfxf 5 ls o; ;DaGwdf ;jf{lwsf/ pxfFdf ;'/lIft 5, cg'u|x l;w} k/d]Zj/af6 cfpF5 eg] ljZjf; k/d]Zj/sf] argaf6 cfpF5 .

[6.52]

s] cg'u|xaf6 ktg x'g ;Dej 5 < 5, o;af6 ktg x'g klxnf ;+sfldt x'g'k5{ . h;n] cfkm"nfO{ Joj:yfåf/f 7Ls 7x/\ofpg] sf]lzif u5{, Tof] JolQm cg'u|xaf6 ktg x'g ;S5 . s] Joj:yfsf] sfd / ljZjf;sf] sfddf s]xL km/s 5 < 5, xfdL ljZjf;sf] sfdåf/f z'4 agfOPsfx? xf}+, ljZjf;åff dfq xf]Og . xfdL Joj:yfåf/f z'4 7xl/g ;Sb}gf}+ . unftL %M$ ltdLx? hf] Joj:yfåf/f wdL{ 7xl/g rfxfG5f}, ltdLx? v|Li6af6 cnu ePsf 5f} . ltdLx? cg'u|xaf6 tn v;]sf 5f} . ofs'j @M@@–@^ @@= ltdL b]Vb5f}, ls ltgsf sfdx?;Fu;Fu} ljZjf; lqmofzLn lyof] / sfdåf/f g} ljZjf; k"0f{ ePsf] lyof] . @#= kljq wd{zf:qsf] o;f] eGg] arg k'/f eof], ca|fxdn] k/d]Zj/df ljZjf; u/] / pgsf] lglDt wfld{stf ulgof], / pgL k/d]Zj/sf ldq sxlnP . @$= ltdLx? b]Vb5f} ls sfdx?åf/f dflg; wdL{ 7xl/Fbf]/x]5, ljZjf;åf/f dfq xf]Og . @%= To;}u/L /fxfj j]Zon] klg ha ltgn] u'Ktr/x?nfO{ ;Tsf/ u/]/ cs}{ af6f] k7fOlbOg\, ta sfdx?af6 ltgL wdL{ 7xl/PsL xf]Ogg\ / < @^= h;/L z/L/ cfTdb]lv cnu x'Fbf d/]sf] x'G5, To;}u/L ljZjf; klg sfdx?b]lv cnu x'Fbf d/]sf] x'G5 .

[6.53]

s[kof of] lzIffnfO{ o;sf] k|z:ttfsf] lglDt gug'{;\ . oxfF o;nfO{ w]/} k6s bf]xf]/\ofOPsf] 5 . of] tkfO{sf] OdfGbfl/tf / kl/kSstfnfO{ r'gf}lt lbg xf]Og, t/ cfkm\gf] kl/ro :yflkt ug{ w]/}h;f] ljz]ifu/L wd{zf:qdf xfdL kQf nufpF5f}+ ls gofF k|sfz kb tyf kf7;Dd cufl8 w]/} k6s a9\of}+ . h'g kf7n] ljz]if ;Gb]z af]s]sf] x'G5 h'g lzIfsx?sf lzIfs kljq cfTdfn] gofF Hof]lt xfd|f] cufl8 b]vfOlbg' x'G5 . o;sf/0f cfb/;lxt d}n] km/s b[li6sf]0faf6 k:s]sf] x'F .

[6.54]

s]xL s'/f oL cfwf/e"t ;Totfdfly olb xfd|f] ljZjf;sf] sfddf dxTj 5}g eg] xfdL;Fu ljZjf; 5}g, of] dl/;s]sf] 5 . olb xfdLdf sfd;lxtsf] ljZjf; 5}g eg] xfdL k/d]Zj/sf] a/bfg k|fKt ug{ ;Sb}gf}+ h'g rflxF ljZjf;åf/f dfq k|of]u ug{ ;lsG5 . olb xfdLn] l;w} k/d]Zj/;Fusf] ;DaGwnfO{ :yflkt ug{ ;Sb}gf} eg] xfdLn] p4f/ kfpg ;Sb}gf}+ . pxfFsf] cg'u|x x/fpFb}g t/ olb o;nfO{ bl/nf];Fu kqm]/ /fv]g eg] u'Dg ;S5 . ljZjf; a9\g of 36\g ;S5, wf]vfdf kg{ ;S5 / d/]t'No x'g ;S5 . xfd|f] ljZjf; / e/f];f o]z'df 5 . xfd|f] e/f];f oxL xf] ls ha o]z' Pslbg cfpg'x'g]5, pxfFdfly ljZjf; ug]{x?nfO{ cgGt hLjg lbg'x'g]5 . clg ljZjf; gug]{x?nfO{ d[To' . oxL g} clGtd kl/0ffd x'g]5 . ! kq'; !M#–% #= k/d]Zj/ / xfd|f k|e" o]z'v|Li6 wGofsf x'g'x'G5 . pxfFsf] dxfg\ s[kfn] d[tsaf6 o]z' v|Li6sf] k'g?Tyfgåf/f Pp6f hLljt cfzfsf] lglDt xfdL gofF u/L hGd]sf 5f}+ . $= :ju{df ltdLx?sf lglDt ;fFlr/fv]sf] pQ/flwsf/ cljgfzL, ljz'4 / gcf]Ong] lsl;dsf 5g\ . %= cflv/ ;dodf k|s6 x'g cfF6]sf d'lQmsf] lglDt ltdLx? ljZjf/åf/f k/d]Zj/sf] zlQmaf6 ;'/lIft /flvPsf 5f} .

[6.55]

unt lzIffn] ubf{ s]xL JolQmx?sf] ljZjf; x/fpFb} uPsf] 5 . @ ltdf] @M!* k'g?Tyfg cl3 g} eO;s]sf] 5 eg]/ logLx? ;Toaf6 tls{Psf 5g\ . slt hgfsf] ljZjf;nfO{ logLx?n] vnjNofO/x]sf 5g\ .

[6.56]

ha xfdL v|Li6sf] kfOnfdf lx8\5f}+ k/d]Zj/sf ;Gtfgn] u/] h:t} xfdL u5f}{ . unftL #M@^ lsgls ljZjf;åf/f ltdLx? ;a} v|Li6 o]z'df k/d]Zj/sf ;Gtfg xf} .

[6.57]

xfd|f] of] ljZjf;n] wd{k'q÷k'qL x'gsf] lglDt v|Li6sf] bf];|f] cfudgdf p7fO{ n}hfg of]Uo x'gsf] lglDt xfdL z/L/df 5Fb} ;Dej u/fOPsf] 5 . of] s'/f Tolta]nf;Dd xfdL /xG5f}+ hlta]nf;Dd xfdL pxfFaf6 6f9f hfFb}gf}+ . sn:;L !M@# olb ltdLx? cfk\mgf ljZjf;df crn / l:y/ eO/Xof}+ / ltdLx?n] ;'g]sf ;';dfrf/sf] cfzfaf6 x6]gf} eg] oxL g} Tof] ;';dfrf/ xf], hf] :ju{d'lg x/]s k|f0fLnfO{ k|rf/ ul/Psf] 5, h;sf] d kfjn, wd{ ;]js ePF . /f]dL *M@#–@% @#= ;[li6dfq xf]Og, t/ xfdL cfkm} klg, h;df kljq cfTdfsf] klxnf] kmn 5, ;Gtfgsf] ?kdf u|x0f ul/gnfO{ cyf{t xfd|f] b]xsf] p2f/sf] lglDt k|tLIff u/]/ xfdL cfkm} klg leq leq cft{gfb ub{5f} . @$= lsgls olx cfzfdf xfdLn] d'lQm kfPsf lyof}+ . cab]lvg] rflx cfzf t cfzf g} xf]Og . lsgls b]v]sf] s'/fsf] cfzf s;n] u5{ / < @%= t/ olb xfdL cfkm"n] gb]v]sf] s'/fsf] cfzf u5f}{ eg], w}o{;fy xfdL To;sf] k|ltIff u5f}{ .

[6.58]

o]z' v|Li6sf] bf];|f] cfudgdf xfd|f cfzf ;Totfdf kl/0ft x'g]5 / xfdL;Fu k|lt1f ul/Psf] cgGt hLjgsf] dx;'; xfdLn] ug]{5f} . k|sfz M @)M^ klxnf] k'g?Tyfgdf ;xefuL x'g]x? wGo / kljq x'g\ . logLx?nfO{ bf];|f] d[To'sf] zlQmn] s]xL ug{ ;Qm}g, t/ ltgL k/d]Zj/ / v|Li6sf k'hf/L eP/ pxfF;Fu Psxhf/ jif{;Dd /fHo ug]{5g\ .

[6.59]

v|Li6sf] cfudgdf p7fO{ n}hfg]x?nfO{ k"0f{ ?kdf Ifdf / 5'6sf/f lbOg]5 / ltgLx?dfly bf];|f] d[To'sf] s'g} zlQm x'g]5}g .

[6.60]

dxfg l;+x;fgaf6 Gofo ubf{ pgLx?sf] gfd hLjgsf] k':tsdf e]§fOg]5 .

[6.61]

obL xfdL k/d]Zj/ x'GYof} eg] s'g} klg v|Li6Lo hgn] cfkm\gf] cfTdLsL hLjgnfO{ hf]lvddf kfg]{ sfd ug{ ;Qm}g, olb k/d]Zj/n] xfdLnfO{ 5gf}6 ug]{ df}sf lbg'xG5 jf xfdL g} k/d]Zj/ e; kl/ k/d]Zj/sf] /fHodf xfd|f ldqx?n] cgGt hLjgsf] cfgGb kfpg] lyP . oxfF ;d:of s] 5 eg] xfdL k/d]Zj/ xf]Ogf}+ cfkm\gfx?sf] nflu xfdLnfO{ lg0f{o lng] clwsf/ 5}g .

[6.62]

xfdLn] k|]d u/]sf w]/} lk|ohgx? 5g\, ltgLx?nfO{ xfdL d[To' kl5 klg b]Vg rfxG5f}+ . xfdLeGbf cufl8 d/]sf xfd|f lk|ohgx? klg 5g\ / xfdLkl5 klg w]/} cfpg]5g\ . cfkm\gf] kl/jf/, 5/l5d]s tyf gftfuf]tf / cfkmGtx? h;nfO{ klg k|]d u5f}{, pgLx? k/d]Zj/af6 cnu ePsf] / gi6 ePsf] b]Vg] OR5f s;sf] xf]nf / <

[6.63]

cfhsn w]/} d08nLx?df kfkaf6sf] 5'6s/fnfO{ ;fF3'/f] atfOPsf] 5 . w]/}hgfn] of] ;f]Rb5g\ ls s'g} cljZjf;Ln] s'g} 7Ls zAb 7Ls tl/sfn] olb 7Ls cfTdLs zlQm af]nfpF5 eg] p;n] p4f/ kfpF5 . pgLx?n] k/d]Zj/sf] /fHo;Fu ;DaGw u/fpg] lgdGq0ff lbg] k|rf/snfO{ w}o{;Fu kv{g'kb{5, ca s] pgLx?sf] kfk Ifdf x'G5 t < cgGt hLjg kfpF5g\ t < pgLx? cfkm}n] Tof] af6f] agfpg' kb{5 / kfk :jLsf/ ug'{kb{5 . o]z'df ljZjf; ug'{kb{5 . s]xL ;do lgodx? ;'Gg' kb{5, ;fgf lstfax? ljz]if u/L o'xGg ;';dfrf/ k9\g'k5{ . clg dfq cgGt hLjgsf] af6f]df pgLx? a9\g ;S5g\ .

[6.64]

of] ;lhnf] 5 . ;fFrf] x[bon] kZrftfk u/L Ifdf kfPsf] cg'e"t u/L k/d]Zj/sf] kl/jf/df ;DalGwt x'g' ;lhnf] 5 t/ b'ef{Uojz w]/}sf] nflu of] efjgfTds s'/f ePsf] 5 . h;n] :jLsf/ u/]kl5 x6\5g\, o:tf Ifl0fs af]qm] v|Li6Logx?n] s] s'/f a'em\g' cfjZos 5 eg] k/d]Zj/n] aflx/L ?k xf]Og leqL x[bo x]g'{x'G5 . logLx? hldgsf] ulx/fO{df k'Ug g;s]sf ljp h:t} x'g\ . dQL !#M%–^ %= s]xL ljp 9'Ë]gL hldgdf k/], hxfF w]/} df6f] lyPg / ulx/f] df6f] gePsf]n] tL l5§} pd|] . ^= t/ ha 3fd nfUof] tL cf]OnfP / h/f gePsf]n] tL ;'lsxfn] .

[6.65]

o:tf v|Li6Logx? tKs]gLdf k/]sf v]tL h:t} x'g\, pgLx? slxNo} klg kl/kSstfdf a9\g ;Sb}gg\ / s]xL If0f b]vf k/L x/fO{ xfN5g\ . hf] c;n k|sf/sf 5g\, pgLx?sf] af/]df s] t < w]/} d08nLn] of] lzIff l;sfpF5g\ ls Ps k6s d'lQm kfO;s] kl5 s'g} klg xfntdf d'lQm u'Db}g, pgLx?sf] cgGt hLjg u'Db}g, of] k/d]Zj/sf] argsf] lj?4 dg xf] . s;}n] eG5g\ kl5 x6\g]x? slxNo} klg arfOPsf lyPgg\ . of] klg em'6 xf] . n'sf *M!# 9'Ë]nL hldgdf kg]{ rflx ltgLx? x'g\, h;n] arg ;'g]/ v';L;fy Tof] u|x0f ub{5g\, t/ ltgsf] h/f x'Fb}g / s]xL ;dosf nflu ltgLx?n] ljZjf; u5{g\, t/ k/LIffsf] a]nfdf ltgLx?sf] ktg x'G5 . olb o]z'nfO{ ljZjf; ug{ ;Sb}gf}= eg] ltdLn] s;nfO{ ljZjf; u5f}{ t <

[6.66]

t/ of] s'/f ljZjf; ug'{df xfdLnfO{ 7"nf] cfgGb ldNb5 ls h;n] o]z'nfO{ cfkm\gf] x[bob]lv k'sf/f u/] clg d/], ltgLx? k/d]Zj/sf] /fHodf 5g\ .

[6.67]

afOjnn] of] s'/fdf :ki6 kf5{ ls afOjndf o:tfkbx? 5g\ hxfF Ps k6s arfO;s]kl5 ;w}+sf] lglDt afFR5 eG5 . o;nfO{ glhsaf6 lgofn]/ x]bf{ of] xf]Og, s]xL kbx? x]/f}+ . lkmlnKkL !M^ dnfO{ of] b[9 ljZjf; 5, h;n] ltdLx?df Pp6f c;n sfd z'? ug'{eof], pxfFn] g} o]z v|Li6sf] lbgdf Tof] k'/f ug'{x'g]5 .

[6.68]

s[kof of] s'/f ge'Ng'; ls pxfFn] oxfF kljq cfTdfsf] af/]df s]xL pNn]v ug'{eof] . xfdLnfO{ ;a} ;Totfdf 8f]/\ofpg] oxL xf] . kljq cfTdfn] g} cfTdLs sfo{ k"0f{ ug{ ;3fpg'x'G5 -PkmL;L $M#)_ . kljq cfTdfdf s'g} klg s'/f l5Kg ;Qm}g t/ xfd|f] OR5fn] lbg'k5{ -lkmlnKkL @M!@_ . ;fFRr} g} xfdL k|lt1fåf/f 5fk nufOPsfx? xf}+ -PkmL;L !M!#_ . h] eP klg of] k|lt1f zt{;lxt ;w}sf] lglDt nflu/xg lbg'ePsf] xf] -dQL !)M@@_ .

[6.69]

xfdL;Fu :jtGqtf 5 . xfdLn] d'lQm u|x0f ubf{ :jtGqtf u'dfPsf 5f}+ . k/d]Zj/n] xfdLnfO{ hj/h:tL 3f]qm\ofP/ pxfFsf] /fHodf n}hfg' x'Gg . t/ kljq cfTdfn] km]l/ kfkdf gkg{ cfTdLs hLjgdf /lx/xg ;xfotf ug'{x'G5 . pxfF;Fu xfdLnfO{ ;'/lIft :yfgdf /fVg] zlQm 5 t/ xfdLn] cGTo;Dd g} bl/nf] ;Fu kqm]/ /fVg'k5{ -ds'{ !#M!#_ . jf:tjdf hLjg arfpg' x'g] o]z' xfd|f] ;fydf x'g'x'G5 t/ k/d]Zj/sf] /fHodf k:g pxfFnfO{ ;dfTg} k5{ . olb xfdL o]z';Fu /x]gf} eg] xfdL gi6 x'g]5f}+ . 5gf}6 xfd|} xftdf 5 . o;/L g} o]z'n] eGg'eof], d ltdLnfO{ slxNo} klg 5f]8\g] 5}g, TofUg] 5}g . xfdLn] klg eGg'k5{, ls xfdL o]z'nfO{ slxNo} 5f]8\g] 5}gf}, TofUg] 5}gf}+ . lxj|' !#M% æd ltdLx?nfO{ s'g} l/tLn] 5f]8\g] 5}g d ltdLx?nfO{ TofUg] 5}g .Æ

[6.70]

pxfFn] o;f] klg eGg'eof], pgLx?nfO{ d]/f] lktfsf] xftaf6 s;}n] klg 5'6fP/ nfg ;Sg] 5}g t/ s] pxfFn] o;f] eGg'eof] < xfdLn] cfkm"nfO{ 5'6fpg ;Sb}gf} eg]/ < o'xGgf !)M@*–@( @*= ltgLx?nfO{ d cgGt hLjg lbG5' / ltgLx? slxNo} gi6 x'g] 5}gg\ . / s;}n] ltgLx?nfO{ d]/f] xftaf6 vf];L n}hfg] 5}g . @(= d]/f lktfn] tL dnfO{ lbg'ePsf] 5, pxfF ;a}eGbf dxfg\ x'g'x'G5 . lktfsf] xftaf6 s;}n] ltgLx?nfO{ vf];L nfg]5}gg\ .

[6.71]

oxfF pxfF of] eGg'x'G5 ls pxfFn] xfdLnfO{ cgGt hLjg lbg'ePsf] 5, lsg < @& kb k9f}+ . lsgeg] pgLx?n] dnfO{ k5\ofPsf 5g\, o;sf/0f xfdL;Fu cgGt hLjg 5 . olb xfdLn] o]z'nfO{ k5\ofpF5f}+ eg] s;}n] klg xfdLnfO{ pxfFaf6 cnu ug{ ;Sb}g . olb xfdLn] o]z'nfO{ k5\ofpg 5f]8\of}+ eg] s] x'G5 < ! sf] !%M!–@ !_efO xf], d}n] ltgLx?nfO{ k|rf/ u/]sf] ;';dfrf/ d ltdLx?nfO{ ofb lbnfpg rfxfG5', h'g ;';dfrf/ ltdLx?n] u|x0f u/\of} h;df ltdLx? l:y/ /xG5f}+ . @_oxL ;';dfrf/åf/f ltdLx?sf] p2f/ ePsf] 5 . olb To;df ltdLx? c6n /Xof} eg] gqtf ltdLx?n] Jofy{df ljZjf; u/\of} .

[6.72]

xfdLn] k/d]Zj/sf] k|lt1f;Fu cfTdLs s'/f ub{5f} eGg] s'/f dx;'; ug'{k5{ . o;sf] dtna olb xfdL k/d]Zj/sf] cf1fnfO{ dfG5f}+ eg] k/d]Zj/n] xfdL;Fu k|lt1f ug'{ePsf] ;a} s'/fx? lbg'x'G5 . xfdL;Fu v|Li6df cgGt hLjg 5, olb xfdLn] o]z' k|e' xf] / pxfFn] d[To'nfO{ lhTg'eof] elg ljZjf; u5f}{ eg] -/f]dL !)M(–@)_ . olb o]z' xfd|f] k/d]Zj/ x'g'x'G5 eg] xfd|f] kfk :jLsf/ em'6f 7xl/G5g\ / pxfFn] ug'{ePsf] k|lt1f kfpg aGb]h ub{5 . olb pxfF k/d]Zj/ x'g'x'G5 eg] xfd|f] hLjgsf] dflns pxfF x'g'x'G5 . oxfF k9]sf] sf/0f ljZjf; ug]{ xf]Og, cfkm}df x]g'{k5{ . k/d]Zj/sf] arg :ki6 5 -! o"xGgf !M&_ . ! o'xGgf !M& t/ pxfF Hof]ltdf x'g'eP em}+ olb xfdL klg Hof]ltdf lx8\5f}+ eg] Pp6f csf{l;t xfd|f] ;+ult x'G5 / pxfFsf k'q o]z'sf] /utn] xfdLnfO{ ;a} kfkaf6 z'4 kf5{ .

[6.73]

olb xfdL pHofnf]df lx8\5f}+ eg] h;/L pxfFn] ug'{eof], h;/L c? bfh' efO{;Fu xfd|f] ;+ult x'G5 / v|Li6 o]z'sf] /utn] xfd|f] ;a} kfk w'G5, t/ olb xfdL pHofnf]df lx8\b}gf}+ eg] s] x'G5 < olb xfdL cGwsf/df g} lx8\5f}+ eg] s] x'G5 < s] o]z'sf] /utn] cem;Dd klg xfdLnfO{ xfd|f] ;j} kfkaf6 5'6sf/f lbG5 < olb To;f] xf] eg] kZrftfk ug{ lsg cfjZos k/\of] < gf} kb k'/f gu/];Dd k9\g'xf];\ . ! o'xGgf !M( olb xfdLn] cfkm\gf kfkx? :jLsf/ u/\of}+ eg] pxfFn] xfd|f kfk Ifdf ug'{x'G5 / ;a} cwd{af6 xfdLnfO{ z'4 kfg'{x'G5 lsgls pxfF ljZjf;of]Uo / wdL{ x'g'x'G5 .

[6.74]

km]l/ xfdL ;a}eGbf 7"nf] zAbnfO{ …s/f/ÚnfO{ e]6fpF5f}+ . of] zAbn] hlxn] klg zt{sf] af/]df atfpF5 h'g k'/f ug}{k5{ . olb xfdL cfkm\gf] kfk :jLsf/ u5f}{ eg] xfd|f] kfk Ifdf ug{ pxfF ljZjf;of]Uo x'g'x'G5 . km]l/ xfdLn] ofb ug'{k5{ ls olb xfdLn] kfk :jLsf/ u5f}{ eg] dfq . olb ub}{gf}+ eg] xfd|f] kfk wf]OG5 t < pQ/ olx x'G5, xf]Og . olb s'g} v|Li6LognfO{ ;Toaf6 a/flnP/ hfg ;Dej 5}g eg] ofs'jn] lsg olt w]/} rf;f] /fv]sf] t < ofs'j %M!(–@) !(_ d]/f efO xf], olb ltdLx?dWo] sf]xL ;Toaf6 a/flnP/ hfFbf s;}n] To;nfO{ lkm/fP/ Nofof] eg]

@)_ To;n] hfgf];\ ls h;n] Ps hgf kfkLnfO{ To;sf] s'dfu{af6 lkm/fP/ NofpF5, To;nfO{ d[To'af6 arfpg]5 / c;+Vof kfknfO{ 9fSg]5 .

[6.75]

s[kof oxfF gf]6 ug'{xf];\ ls pxfFn] cfkm\gf] efOx?nfO{ s;/L ;Nnfx ;'emfj lbPsf 5g\ . oxfF k|i6;Fu s] n]lvPsf] 5 eg] olb v|Li6Logx?n] kfk u5{ / csf]{ v|Li6Logn] kfkaf6 kmsf{P/ p;nfO{ wfld{stfsf] af6f]df NofpF5 eg] p;n] cfkm\gf] efOnfO{ d[To'af6 arfpF5 . o;sf/0f v|Li6nfO{ lrg]/ klg kl5 x6\g ;Dejsf] s'/f xf] . z}tfgnfO{ ;]jf ug]{ b'i6 cfTdfx? klg o]z'nfO{ lrG5g\ / pxfFb]lv 8/fpF5g\ t/ klg pgLx? cgGt ;hfoaf6 pDsg ;Sb}gg\ . v|Li6nfO{ lrGg' dfq k|z:t xf]Og, pxfF d'lQmbftf x'gsf]nfO{ k|e' klg ePs} x'g'k5{ . xfd|f] hLjgdf pxfFsf] clwsf/ ePs} x'g'k5{ . ofs'j @M!( ltdLx? ljZjf; ub{5f} ls k/d]Zj/ Pp6} x'g'x'G5 . Tof] c;n xf] . e'tfTdfx? klg ljZjf; u5{g\ / y/y/ sfD5g\ . dlQ &M@@–@# @@= Tof] lbg w]/}n] dnfO{ eGg]5g\, k|e', k|e', s] xfdLn] tkfO{sf] gfpFdf cudjf0fL af]n]gf} < tkfO{sf] gfpFdf e'tx? wkfPgf} / < tkfO{sf] gfpFdf cg]s zlQmzfnL sfd u/]gf} / < @#= clg d ltgLx?nfO{ ;kmf ;+u eGg]5' , d}n} ltdLx?nfO{ slxNo} lrg]sf] 5}gF . P cwd{ sfd ug{]x? xf] , daf6 b'/ xfcf} .

[6.76]

clxn] hf] x? lv|li6«ofg x'F elg 6f]kN5 / pgLx?n] of] s'/f dxz'; ug{ ;ls/x]sf 5}gg\ ls hf]x? cfkm"nfO{ lv|li6«ofg x'F elg eG5g\ pgLx? xf]Ogg\ . pgLx?n] wf]sf vfPsf 5g\ . pgLx? cfkm'nfO{ d'lQm kfPsf] 7fg] tfklg pgLx? d'lQmsf] glhs 5}gg\ . z}tfgsf] lglDt of] dxfg s'/f xf] . lsgsL pgLx?n] ;Totf slxNo} vf]Hg] 5}gg\ lsgsL pgLx? ;f]R5g\ ls klxn] g} d'lQm kfO;s]sf 5g\ . 8/ nfUg] ;Totf tn pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 . yf]/} AolQmn] dfq cgGt hLjg lbg] ;fF3'/f] af6f] k5\ofpg] 5g\ . dlQ &=!$ lsgeg] hLjgdf k'Øfpg] 9f]sf ;fF3'/f] x'G5 / af6f] sl7g x'G5 h;n] rflx hLjgdf k'Øfp5 / Tof] e]§fpg] yf]/} g} x'G5g\ .

[6.77]

ltgLx? o; hLjgjf6 kf/ ul/ ;s]kl5 v|Li6 o]z'sf] cufl8 Gofosf] lglDt v8f x'g]5g\ . 7"nf] cfzf ;lxt v8f x'g]5g\ , t/ d ltdLx?nfO{ lrlGbgF ltdLx? daf6 b'/ xfcf} eg]sf] ;'Gg]5g\ - dlQ &M@!–@# _ . hLjg el/ pgLx?sf] wfld{s u'?n] eGg'eof] æd'lQm u'Dg} ;Sb}gÆ t/ k/d]Zj/sf] argdf k|i6;+u pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 . k/d]Zj/n] s;}nfO{ hjfh{:tL ug{'x'Gg . k/d]Zj/sf] /fHodf sf]xL klg c?sf] OR5fdf k|j]z ug{' kb{}g . bf; t z}tfg4f/ agfOG5 . k/d]Zj/4f/f xf]Og . sf] k/d]Zj/sf] / sf] bf; aGg rfxG5 eGg] s'/f p;sf] :jOR5fn] aGg] s'/f xf] .

[6.78]

olb ljZjf;Lx?df olt w]/} ljjfb / 5nx? 5g\ eg] xfdL :ju{ hfG5f} eg]/ s;/L lglZrt x'g] t < k/d]Zj/nfO{ of] lbg yfxf lyof] ls slxn] of] ljleGg lsl;dsf l;4fGtx? pAhg]5g\ / cfkm'nfO{ dg kg{] vfnsf] aGg]5g\ eg]/ ha ;Dd ;fFrf] kZrtfk ug{] 5}gg\ ta ;Dd k/d]Zj/sf] /fHodf k|j]z ug{] df}sf ldNg] 5}g . pgLx?nfO{ cK7\of/f] kfg{] s'/f of] xf] ls k/d]Zj/sf] jrgnfO{ eGbf dflg;sf] argnfO{ ljZjf; ug{' g} pgLx?sf] 7"nf] ;d:of xf] . @ ltdf]yL $M#–$ #=lsgsL o:tf] ;do cfpb}5, ha ltgLx> l7s lzIffnfO{ g;xg] x'g]5g\, t/ cfkm'nfO{ dg k/]sf s'/f dfq ;'Gg rfxg]5g\ / cfˆgf] ?rL cg';f/ lzIfsx? y'kfg{]5g\ . $= / ;To s'/f ;'Gg b]lv tls{ hfg]5g\ , bGTo syfx?lt/ a/flng]5g\ .

[6.79]

cfkm\gf] cd'No jrg lbP/ pxfFn] xfdL cfkm'n] cfkm}nfO{ hfFRg] cfjZos s'/f lbg'eof] h'g s'/f xfdL tn lbPsf] kbdf k9\g ;S5f} . ! o"xGgf @M#–$ #= olb xfdLn] pxfFsf cf1fx? kfng uØf} eg] o;}af6 xfdL yfxf kfpg ;S5f} ls xfdL pxfFnfO{ lrGb5f} . $= h;n] d pxfFnfO{ lrG5' eG5 t/ pxfFsf cf1fx? pnª\3g u5{, Tof] em'6f] xf] / To;df ;To 5}g .

[6.80]

s] xfdL cfkm'n] cfkm'nfO{ hfFRg ;Dej 5 < w]/} hgfn] k9\g ;fy of] kbnfO{ lj;{G5g\ . c? s'/f lj;{] klg dfly lbPsf s'/fx? ;lDemg'xf];\ .

[6.81]

d'lQm u'Db}g eGg], ljifodf w]/} h;f]f pb[t ul/g] afOan kb o'xGgf #M!^ xf] . pxfFdfly ljZjf; /fVg] sf]xL klg gi6 x'g] 5}g t/ cgGt hLjg kfpg]5 . oxfF gf]6 ug{'kg{] s'/f of] 5 ls …gi6 x'g] 5}gÚ eGg' kg{]df …gi6 x'g' kb{}gÚ pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 . w]/} dfWolds :s'nx?df @ ah] lbpF;f] 5'§L x'G5 / @M#) leq 3/ cfOk'Ug'k5{ eGg] af–cfdfsf] cfzf /x]sf] x'G5 t/ w]/} k6s s]6fs]6Lx?n] af–cfdfsf] cfzf adf]lhd sfd ub{}gg\ . @M#) ah] leq 3/ cfOk'Ug' kg{] xf] t/ ;w} o:tf] x'Fb}g . s]6fs]6Lx? 3/ cfOk'Ug' kg{] xf] t/ cfOk'u]gg\ . x'g]5 / x'g'k5{df w]/} km/s 5 . h'g ;'s]nfO{ ;f]Wg'xf];\ , k/d]Zj/sf] cg'u|x clGtd ;f;;Dd} /lx/xg] 5 t/ olb kfkdf hlO/x]sfx?nfO{ d[To"n] nUof] eg] d'lQmsf] lglDt k|of; u/] klg Aofy{ x'g]5 . Psk6s km]/L tnsf] afOan kb xf]l;of/L ;fy bf]xf]ØfP/ x]/f} . ofs'a %M!(–@) !( d]/f efO xf], ltdLx? eWo] sf]xL ;Toaf6 a/flnP/ hfFbf s;}n] To;nfO{ lkm/fP/ Nofof} eg] , @), to;n] hfgf];\ ls h;n] Ps hgf kfkLnfO{ To;sf] s'dfu{af6 lkm/fP/ NofpF5, To;nfO{ d[To"af6 arfpg]5 / c;+Vof kfknfO{ 9fSg]5 .

[6.82]

ofs'a %M!(–@) df k/d]Zj/nfO{ lrg]kl5 x6]sf] JolQm d[To"lt/ nlDs/x]sf] kfpF5f} . ! sf]=!%M!,@ df xfdLn] zt{ b]V5f}, h'g s'/f xfdLn] /fVg}k5{ . olb xfdL cgGt hLjgsf] efuLbf/ aGg rfxfg] xf] eg] k|]l/tx?n] s] l;sf} eGg] af/]df 1fg x'g}k5{ . ! sf]l/GyL !%M!–@ != efO xf] ltdLx?nfO{ k|rf/ u/]sf] ;';dfrf/ d ltdLx?nfO{ ofb lbnfpg rfxfG5', h'g ;';dfrf/ ltdLx?n] u|x0f uØf} / h;df ltdLx? l:y/ 5f} . @= o; ;';dfrf/ 4f/f ltdLx?sf] p4f/ ePsf] 5 olb To;df ltdLx? c6n /x\of} eg], gqtf Aofy}sf ljZjf; uØf}+ .

[6.83]

oL dflysf v08x?af6 k|]l/to cu'jfx?n] l;sfPsf] s'/fsf] kl/0ffdnfO{ dWo]gh/ ub} tn lbOPsf kbx? x]/f}, h;n] xfdLnfO{ x/]s lbg ljZjf;sf] lglDt sfd ug{ ;fjwfgL x'g l;sfpF5 . lkmnLk @M!@ lhjgsf] jrg bl/nf] ul/ kls|/fv, tfsL d Jofy{df kl/>fd ul/gF elg lv|i6sf] lbgdf d uj{ ug{ ;s'F .

[6.84]

dlQ !*M#@–#% / dlQ @%M@%–#% df pNn]lvt kmfObf gkfpg] gf]s/nfO{ s] eof] To; af/]df xfdL ljrf/ u/f}+ . dlQ !*M#@–#% #@= ta dflnsn] gf]s/nfO{ cfkm' sxfF af]nfP/ eg], …P b'i6 gf]s/ t}n] d;+u ljlGt ul/;\ / d}n] tFnfO{ t]/f] C0f dfkmL ul/lbPF . ##= d}n] tFdfly bof u/]em} t}n] klg t]/f] ;ÍL gf]s/dfly bof ug{'kg{] lyPg < #$= ta To;sf dflnsn] s|'b eP/ To;nfO{ ;a} C0f glt?Gh]n b08 lbg]x?sf xftdf ;'lDklbP . #%= ltdLx?n] cfˆgf] efOx?nfO{ cfˆgf] x[bob]lv Ifdf u/]gf}+ eg] :ju{df x'g'x'g] d]/f lktfn] klg ltdLx?;+u To;} ug{'x'g]5 . dlQ @%M@$–#) @$= Ps ;'gsf] l;Ssf kfpg]n] klg cfP/ eGof], …xh'/ g/f]k]sf] hUufaf6 s6gL ug{] / glgkmg]sf] 7fpFaf6 a6'Ng] tkfO{ s7f]/ dflg; x'g'xG5 eGg] dnfO{ yfxf lyof] . @%= o;}n] dnfO{ 8/ nfUof], / uP/ tkfOsf] l;Ssf d}n] df6f]d'lg n'sfO/fv]+ . x]g{'xf];\ of] tkfO{sf] l;Ssf lng'xf];\ . @^= To;sf dflnsn] To;nfO{ hkmfj lbP, …P b'i6, cN5L gf]s/, g/f]k]sf] 7fpFaf6 s6gL u5{' / glgkmg]sf] 7fpFaf6 a6'N5' eg]/ t}n] hfg]sf] lyO;\ eg] , @&= t}n] d]/f] wg ;fx'sxfF /fVg'kg{] lyof] / cfP/ d}n] d]/f] wg Aofh ;d]t lkmtf{ kfpg] lyPF . @*= o;sf/0f To;af6 Tof] l;Ssf vf]; / h;;+u bz l;Ssf 5 To;nfO{ b]cf] . @(= lsgeg] h;;+u 5, To;nfO{ c? lbOg]5 / To;;+u k|zLt x'g]5 . t/ h;;+u 5}g To;;+u ePsf] klg vf]l;g]5 . #)= To; a]sDdf gf]s/nfO{ rflx aflx/L cGwfsf/df kmflnb]p, hxfF dflg;x? ?g]5g\ / bfx|f ls6\g]5g\ .Ú

[6.85]

;'rgf gul/Psf] cj:yf gofF lgod ljz]; ul/ ;';dfrf/sf k':tsx?df o:tf w]/] 7fpFx? 5g, hxfF o]z'n] s'g} zt{lagf cgGt hLjg kbg] s'/f pNn]v ug{'ePsf] 5 . c? a/bfg h:t} cgGt hLjg klg a/bfg xf] . s]xL afaf–cfdfx?n] 5f]/f5f]/Lx? lbIffGtLt ePsf] a]nf JolQmut k|of]hgsf] nflu uf8Lx? pkxf/ lbg] u5{g . w]/] h;f] of] pkxf/x? lgMz'Ns pknAw u/fOPsf x'G5g\ . t/ w]/} h;f] pgLx? o;nfO{ zt{;lxt lbg] u5{g . sf/ lgz'Ns xf] t/ sf/ sxfF s;/L s'g pb]:osf] nflu k|of]u ug{] xf] Tof] afaf cfdfsf] ;t{ cg';f/ x'g'k5{ . d'lQmsf] ljifodf klg olx s'/f nfu' x'G5 . d'lQmsf] af/]df pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 . d'lQm cfkm}df l;Q}sf] a/bfg xf] t/ s] o;nfO{ k|fKt ug{ o]z'df ljZjf; ug{' kb{}g / < s] of] zt{ xf]Og / < s] xfdLn] pxfFsf] cf1f dfGg' kb{}g / < ;Totf olx xf] ls sf/ t l;Q}df xf] t/ To;sf] nflu OGwg vr{, dd{t vr{ s;n] lbg] t< d'lQmsf] Hof]tL l;Q}df xf] t/ To;nfO{ kfpg xfdL Hof]ltdf lx8\g' kb{}g / <

[6.86]

lrk a|ub]g æs|';sf @ sfdÆ k':tssf n]vs hf] lzIfs klg x'g'x'G5 . pxfFn] kq';sf] af/]df tn pNn]lvt ul/P cg';f/ k6s k6s pb[t ug{'ePsf] 5 . lv|i6n] xfd|f] lglDt b'v ef]Ug'eof] . pbfx/0fLo hLjg hLpg'eof] . tfls xfdLn] pxfFsf]f kfOnfx? k5\ofpg ;sf} - ! kq'; @M@( _ . olb xfdLn] s'g} lv|li6ognfO{ s|';df o]z'n] ug{'ePsf] sfd :jLsf/ ug{'x'G5 eg]/ ;f]Wg] xf] eg] pxfF ;+;f/sf] kfksf] lglDt dfl/g'eof] eg]/ eGg]5g\ , of] ;Totfn] dflg;x? nfO{ unt af6f]lt/ n}hfg klg ;Sg]5 . olb xfdLn] dflg;x?nfO{ s|';sf] @ kf6fsf] af/]df ;f]Wof} eg] cGof}ndf kg{]5g\ . s|';sf] @ kf6f eg]sf] s] xf] t < w]/] h;f] dflg;x? s|';sf] Ps kf6f ;+u dfq kl/lrt 5g\ .

[6.87]

w]/} jif{ ;Dd s|';sf] Ps kf6f]sf] af/]df dfq dnfO{ l;sfOPsf] hxfF v|Li6 o]z' d]/f] lglDt dg{'eof] . d}n] hfg]sf] s'/f olt g} lyof] . of] s|';df pxfF d]/f] abnfdf 6fFlug'ePsf] lyof] . pxfFn] cfˆgf] hLjg d]/f] lglDt lbg'eof] . d]/f] kfk Ifdfsf] lglDt pxfFsf] cfˆgf] cd'No /ut aufOof] , olt dfq xf]Og , afOann] eG5 , ;a}sf] cwd{sf] k/d]Zj/n] cfkm\gf] k'q lbg'eof] . alKtidf lbg] o"xGgf n] eG5g\ k/d]Zj/sf] y'df h;n] ;+;f/sf] kfk p7fO n}hfg] 5g\ . pxfFsf] alnbfg k'0f{ d'NonfO{ yfxf u/]/ pxfF xfd|f] abnfdf ;hfo ef]Ug' ePsf] 7xl/G5 . xfdL pxfFsf] of] clGtd sfddf k|j]z u5f}+ . xfdl pxfF;+u Pp6} ePsf xf} . k/d]Zj/nfO{ wGoafb xf]; ls ca xfdln] o;sf] C0f ltg{' kb{}g lsgsL xfd|f] lglDt o]z'n] ltl/;Sg' ePsf] 5 . xfdL s|';dfn uP/ alnbfg x'g' kb{}g . k|fo w]/} h;f] lv|li6«ofgx? of] s'/f;+u kl/lrt 5g\ . of] ;'–;';dfrf/ k|rf/sf] hu xf] . s|';sf] ;Gb]z xhf/f} 5 . ;Totf olx xf] / ;Totf k|rfl/t ePsf] lglDt k/d]Zj/nfO{ wGojfb xf];\ .

[6.88]

s|';sf] ;Totfsf] csf]{ kf6f] klg 5 . h'g s'/f yf]/} dflg;x?nfO{ dfq 5 / yf]/}n] dfq o;sf] af/]df k|rf/ u5{g . o; sf/0fn] ubf{ w]/} dflg;x?nfO{ o;sf] af/]df hfgsf/L 5}g . pgLx?n] o]z'nfO{ d'lQmbftfsf ?kdf :jLsf/ u/]sf 5g\ . v|Li6 o]z' pgLx?sf] kfksf] vflt/ dg{'ePsf] xf] elg ljZjf; klg ub{5g\ . lv|i6 o]z' xfd|f] lglDt s|';df dg{'ePsf] s'/f ;To xf] t/ oxfF xfdLn] s|';sf] b'O{ kf6f ePsf] s'/f ub{}5f} h'g s'/fnfO{ xfdLn] k5\ofpg' k5{ . lv|i6n] xfd|f] lglDt b'v ef]Sg'eof] . of] wf/0ff xf] . t/ pxfFn] xfdLn] pbfx/0f 5f]8\g'eof] . of] bf];|f] wf/0ff xf] . o;sf/0f s|';sf] sfdsf] @ kf6f olx xf] . klxnf] s'/f lv|i6 o]z' xfd|f] ;§fdf alnbfg x'g'ePsf] xf] . bf];|f] s'/f pxfF xfd|f] lglDt pbfx/0f x'g'x'G5 . klxnf] r/0fdf pxfFn] s|'; lng' eof] , bf];|f] r/0fdf pxfFn] s|'; lng'x'G5 . s|';sf] klxnf] sfd kfkLsf] nflu lyof] / bf];|f] sfd r]nfx?sf] nflu lyof] . o]z'n] eGg'eof], hLjgdf k'Øfpg] af6f] ;fF3'/f] 9f]sf / sl7g 5 . 9f]sf eg]sf] z'?jft dfq xf], of] uGtJo xf]Og . o;s/0f 9f]sf / af6f] b'a} xfdL;+u x'g'k5{ . logLx? Ps csf]{ lagf k"0f{ x'+b}gg\ . Ps k6s xfdL 9f]sfaf6 l5/L;s]kl5 ToxfF lx8\g' kg{] af6f] klg 5 9f]sfn] xfdLnfO{ lx8\g ;Dej agfp5 . t/ af6f] lagf 9f]sfdf k'Ug ;lsb}g . hLjg af6f]sf] cGTodf 5 z'?jft xf]Og . of] s'/fn] s|';sf] b'O{ kf6fnfO{ k|i6 kf5{ kfkLsf] s|'; kfkLsf] lglDt 9f]sf xf] . lsgeg] o]z' ;§fdf x'g'x'G5 . ca af6f]df lx8\g ;lhnf] 5 . r]nfx?sf] s|'; rflx af6f] xf] . clxn] d Tof] pbfx/0f k5\ofO/x]sf] 5' . s] tkfO{n] oxfF km/s b]Vg'x'G5 < o]z'n] eGg'eof], ;f+3'/f] 9f]sf / sl7g af6f] 4f/f dfq hLjgdf k'Ug' ;lsG5 . To;sf/0f pxfFdf cfpg' eGbf pxfFdf lhpg sl7g 5 . ;fwf/0f k|fy{gf4f/f d pxfFnfO{ d]/f] d'lQmbftf eg]/ k'sfg{ ;S5' t/ pxfFsf] pbfx/0f aGgsf] nflu d}n] pxfFsf] kfOnf k5\ofpg} k5{ . lsg < lsgsL klxnf] 36gfdf d}n] kfkLsf] s|';sf] af/]df / bf];|f] 36gfdf r]nfx?sf] s|';sf] af/]df / cfˆgf] u'?nfO{ kfOnf–kfOnfdf k5\ofpg] s'/f pNn]v u/]sf] 5' . 9f]sfaf6 l5g{] Psl5g dfq nfU5 t/ af6f]df lx8\g hLjgel/ nfU5 . kq';n] o;/L s|';sf] @ kf6fsf] af/]df n]v]g . dlQ !^ df xfdL b]Vg ;S5f} ls slt k6s pgLx?;+u Tof] a'emfO lyPg .

[6.89]

dlQ !^ df o]z' xfd|f] pbfx/0f x'g'x'G5 . pxfF xfd|f] ;§fdf x'g'x'G5 eGg] s'/f b]V5f} . klxnf] s'/f o]z' ;§fdf x'g'x'G5 . pxfFn] cfˆgf] r]nfx?nfO{ xfdL o?;n]ddf hfg}k5{, b'v ef]Ug' k5{ / dg{'k5{ t/ t];|f] lbgdf af}/L p7\g' k5{ eGg] s'/f b]vfpg'eof] . s] of] ;a pxfFsf] lglDt lyof] < of] t xfd|f] kfksf] lglDt lyof] . oxfF pxfFn] xfd|f] lglDt oL ;a ug{'eof] . o;dfly uNtL u/]/ kq';n] o]z'nfO{ lsgf/f nufO{ xsf{g'eof], s|';sf] ljifodf kq';n] o]z'nfO{ g} xsf{g'eof] . of] sl7g s'/f xf], t/ o]z'n] klg kq';lt/ kms{]/ xsf{g'eof] . xf], o:t} x'g]5 .